American Forts Network

MIDWEST

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted in my research on American Forts of the Midwestern United States. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal mail from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings, or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one state, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) state referenced. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.


GENERAL REFERENCES

Sources previously listed under NORTHEASTERN and SOUTHEASTERN GENERAL REFERENCES will not be repeated here


Alberts, Robert C., George Rogers Clark and the Winning of the Old Northwest, 1975, National Park Service History Series, Office of Publications, Washington.

Barry, James P., Old Forts of the Great Lakes: Sentinels in the Wilderness, 1994, Thunder Bay Press, Lansing, Michigan.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of New France: The Great Lakes, the Plains and the Gulf Coast 1600-1763, 2010, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Fischer, David H., and James C. Kelly, Bound Away: Virginia and the Westward Movement, 2000, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project, The Fur Trade, Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project Booklet Series, No. 2, 2012, Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project, Women of New France, Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project Booklet Series, No. 1, 2011, Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Hall, Jonathan N., Reconstructed Forts of the Old Northwest Territory, 2008, Heritage Books, Inc., Westminster, Maryland.

Hammon, Neal O., and Richard Taylor, Virginia's Western War, 1775-1786, 2002, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Indiana Historical Society, The French, The Indians, and George Rogers Clark in the Illinois Country: Proceedings of an Indiana American Revolution Bicentennial Symposium, 1977, Indianapolis.

Jones, Randell, In the Footsteps of Daniel Boone, 2005, John F. Blair, Publisher, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Northwest Territory Celebration Commission, History of the Ordinance of 1787 and the Old Northwest Territory, 1937, Marietta, Ohio.

Silverberg, Robert, The Mound Builders, 1968, abridged edition 1970, reprint 1986, Ohio University Press, Athens, Ohio.

Stuart, Gene, America's Ancient Cities, 1988, National Geographic Society, Washington.

Utley, Robert M., and Wilcomb E. Washburn, Indian Wars, 1977, reprint 1987, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Winkler, John F., The Thames 1813: The War of 1812 on the Northwest Frontier, 2016, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald, Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Adena and Ohio Hopewell Sites, 1986, The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald, Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People, 2002 (Third Printing 2007), The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, Blacksburg, Virginia.


ILLINOIS

Illinois Atlas and Gazetteer, 2010 (6th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Appendix to the Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume XI: Illinois Militia, Rangers and Riflemen 1810-1813, War of 1810-1813, Illinois Territory, digital transcription by Dolores F. Tamoria, 2008, courtesy of the ILGenWeb Project.

Apple River Fort Historic Foundation, Apple River Fort brochure, undated.

Bilek, Edward T., Jr., The Old Chicago Portage, 1673-1836 manuscript, 1967.

Cahokia Mounds Museum Society, Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site brochure, 2003, Collinsville, Illinois.

Carlson, Christina M., and Robert Lyon, Last Line of Defense: NIKE Missile Sites in Illinois, undated, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain System Support Office.

Carter, Greg, and Matt Kestel, Sauk War Forts of Illinois, Revised, February 2003, Old Lead Region Historical Society.

Davis, James E., Frontier Illinois, 1998, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana.

Dretske, Diana, Fort Sheridan, 2004, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Fishel, Richard L., Establishing the Populations and Occupation Spans of Fort Johnson and Cantonment Davis, Hancock County, Illinois, in Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 37, No. 2, Fall 2012, Midwest Archaeological Conference, Inc..

Fort Massac State Park, Fort Massac State Park Self-Guided Tour brochure, undated.

Hassen, Hal, and Kathy Andrews, A Sense of Place: Illinois' reconstructed historic forts reconnect visitors to frontier America article, undated.

Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Fort Massac State Park, A Self-Guided Tour of a Replica of an 1802 American Fort brochure, 2010.

Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Cahokia Mounds SHS, undated handouts: The Grand Plaza; Monks Mound; Mound 72; The Stockade; Woodhenge.

Iseminger, William, Cahokia Mounds: America's First City, 2010 (5th printing 2012), The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

National Park Service, Archeology: Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor brochure, undated.

The Tourism Bureau Southwestern Illinois, The Illinois Lewis and Clark Trail brochure, 2004.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Battery Rock (Hardin County), 1998.


INDIANA

Indiana Atlas and Gazetteer, 2004 (3rd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Andres, Christopher, and Dorothea K. McCullough, Michael Strezewski, Robert G. McCullough, Archaeological Investigations of Fort St. Philippe des Miamis (1722) and Fort Wayne (1794), Fort Wayne, Indiana, in Indiana Archaeology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2009.

Callison, Herbert, Did a card game with a prisoner affect the siege of Fort Sackville - and did the prisoner violate his parole terms ?, in Military History Magazine, June 1999.

Derleth, August, Vincennes: Portal to the West, 1968, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Esarey, Logan, A History of Indiana From its Exploration to 1850, 1915, W.K. Stewart Co., Indianapolis, Indiana.

Guernsey, E. Y., Indiana: The Influence of the Indian upon its History - with Indian and French names for Natural and Cultural Locations, map (photocopy), Indiana Dept. of Conservation, Publication 122, 1933.

National Park Service, George Rogers Clark National Historical Park brochure, 1980.

National Park Service, George Rogers Clark NHP, handouts: Fort Sackville; Frontier Financier; Trans-Appalachian Indian Tribes During the American Revolution; Not Lewis and Clark; Patriot Priest; Six Flags Over Vincennes, 2006 (all).

Nickel, Robert K., An Archeological Overview and Assessment of George Rogers Clark National Historical Park, Technical Report No. 83, 2002, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Phegley, L.A., Forts and Trails of the Lower Wabashe 1817 map (photocopy), self-published, 1899.

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: George Rogers Clark National Historical Park (Vincennes), 1976.

Winkler, John F., Tippecanoe 1811: The Prophet's Battle, 2015, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.


KENTUCKY

Kentucky Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (2nd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Ahlman, Todd M., and Gail L. Guymon, Nicholas P. Herrmann, Archaeological Overview and Assessment of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia, 2005, Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Prepared for National Park Service, Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, Middlesboro, Kentucky.

Bowling Green-Warren County Tourist and Convention Commission, The Civil War in Bowling Green and Warren County, Kentucky brochure, 1996.

Camp Nelson Foundation, Camp Nelson Civil War Heritage Park brochure, undated (2007 ?).

Camp Nelson Foundation, Camp Nelson Interpretive Trails Guide brochure, undated.

Carstens, Kenneth C., George Rogers Clark's Fort Jefferson, 1780-1781: Kentucky's Outpost on the Western Frontier, 2005, 2009, Heritage Books, Inc., Westminster, Maryland.

Carstens, Kenneth C., The Personnel of George Rogers Clark's Fort Jefferson, and the Civilian Community of Clarksville, Kentucky, 1780-1781, 1999, 2011, Heritage Books, Inc., Westminster, Maryland.

Clark, Thomas D. (editor), The Voice of the Frontier: John Bradford's "Notes on Kentucky", 1993, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Coleman, J. Winston, Jr., The British Invasion of Kentucky: With an Account of the Capture of Ruddell's and Martin's Stations, June 1780, 1951, Winburn Press, Lexington, Kentucky. (copy of text only, transcribed by Jim Geisler).

Commonwealth of Kentucky, Military History of Kentucky, 1939, Frankfort, Kentucky.

Harrodsburg / Mercer County Tourist Commission, Harrodsburg and Mercer County Walking and Driving Tour, undated brochure.

Kentucky Dept. of Parks, Fort Boonesborough State Park brochure, 2002.

Kentucky Dept. of Parks, Fort Boonesborough Historic Walking Trail Guide brochure, undated.

Kentucky Dept. of Travel and Tourism, Kentucky's Civil War Heritage Guide brochure, 2003.

Luckett, William W., Cumberland Gap National Historical Park booklet, reprinted from Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. XXIII, No. 4, December 1964.

McBride, W. Stephen, and Kim A. McBride, Seizing Freedom: Archaeology of Escaped Slaves at Camp Nelson, Kentucky booklet, undated.

McKnight, Brian D., Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky and Virginia, 2006, 2012 reprint, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Miles, Jim, A River Unvexed: A History and Tour Guide of the Campaign for the Mississippi River, 1994, Rutledge Hill Press, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee.

Miles, Jim, Piercing the Heartland: A History and Tour Guide of the Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Perryville Campaigns, 1991, Rutledge Hill Press, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee.

Mill Springs Battlefield Association, Mill Springs Battlefield Driving Tour Guide brochure, undated (2012 ?).

Murray State University, Forrest C. Pogue Public History Institute, The Ohio River Civil War Heritage Corridor brochure, 2003.

National Park Service, Camp Nelson National Monument map, 2018.

National Park Service, Cumberland Gap National Historical Park brochures, 1971, 2000, 2009.

National Park Service, Cumberland Gap NHP, The Pinnacle booklet, undated.

National Park Service, Mill Springs Battlefield National Monument: Visitor Guide brochure, undated (2019).

O'Malley, Nancy, Stockading Up: A Study of Pioneer Stations in the Inner Bluegrass Region of Kentucky, Archaeological Report 127, 1987, revised 1994, Kentucky Heritage Council, Frankfort, Kentucky.

Parsons, Timothy A., Rivers and Rifles: The Role of Fort Heiman in the Western Theater of the Civil War, in Journal of Kentucky Archaeology, Vol. 1, No. 2, Winter 2012.

Rice, Otis K., Frontier Kentucky, 1993, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Ruehrwein, Dick, Fort Harrod, 1981, reprint 1989, Creative Company, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio.

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form, Cumberland Gap Historic District - Virginia/Kentucky/Tennessee (Bell County), 1980, with Amendment, 1994.


MICHIGAN

Michigan Atlas and Gazetteer, 2003 (11th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Armour, David A., Colonial Michilimackinac, 2000, 2011, Mackinac State Historic Parks, Mackinac Island, Michigan.

Ashley, Kathryne B., Islands of the Manitou, 1978, 2002 (revised 4th printing), Drummond Island Historical Museum, Drummond Island, Michigan.

Conway, James, and David F. Jamroz, Detroit's Historic Fort Wayne, 2007, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Dunnigan, Brian L., Fort Holmes, Reports in Mackinac History and Archaeology No. 10, 1984, Mackinac Island State Park Commission.

Fort de Buade Museum brochure, 2011.

Friggens, Thomas G., Fort Wilkins: Yesterday and Today, 2000, Michigan Historical Center.

Gaines, William C., Fort Wayne: Detroit's "Seacoast" Fortification, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, May 2006.

Hawkins, Bruce, Sentries in the Wilderness: Soldier Life at Fort Gratiot, Michigan Territory, 1814-1821, 1986, Museum of Arts and History, Port Huron, Michigan.

Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Historic Mackinac Island Visitor's Guide, 2013 (5th edition revised).

Mackinac State Historic Parks, Colonial Michilimackinac brochure, 2013.

Mackinac State Historic Parks, Fort Mackinac brochure, 2013.

Mason, Philip P., Detroit, Fort Lernoult, and the American Revolution, 1964, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan.

Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Fort Wilkins Historic State Park brochures, 2008, 2012.

MotorCities National Heritage Area, Route 1812 Driving Tour brochure, 2012.

North, Tom, Mackinac Island, 2011, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Phenix, William P., Never a Shot in Anger, and Restoration: More Than a Coat of Paint, in Michigan History Magazine Visits Historic Fort Wayne special insert, May-June 198(?).

Smith, Emerson R., Before the Bridge: A History and Directory of St. Ignace and Nearby Localities, 1957, 2003, Kiwanis Club of St. Ignace, St. Ignace, Michigan.

Spence, Mark David, Native Ground, Middle Ground, Battle Ground: The River Raisin, the War of 1812, and the Course of North American History, A Historic Resource Study of River Raisin National Battlefield Park, Michigan, 2019, National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office.

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form, Fort Michilimackinac (Mackinac City), 1976.

Widder, Keith R., Mackinac National Park 1875-1895, Reports in Mackinac History and Archaeology, No. 4, 1975, Mackinac Island State Park Commission.

Wiles, Rick, Mackinac Island National Park: Michigan's First National Park, in Mackinac Journal, Magazine of the Straits and EUP, June 2015.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of Everywhere - Northern Frontier (U.S.), Southern Frontier (Canada), in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, Nov. 1994.


OHIO

Ohio Atlas and Gazetteer, 2004 (7th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Bateman, Robert L., The Birth of the "Modern" U.S. Army, A Case Study: The 17th U.S. Infantry and Columbus Barracks, 1894-1896, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVI, No. 1, Spring/Summer 1999.

Borer, Alan, Not a Place of Much Importance: The Portage Blockhouse in the War of 1812, 2016 ?.

Fleming, Thomas, Fallen Timbers Broken Alliance, in Military History Magazine, August-September 2009.

Frohman, Charles E., Searching for the Forts and Indian Villages of Sandusky Bay, in The Hayes Historical Journal: A Journal of the Gilded Age, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 1976.

Hanna, Charles A., The Sandusky Forts, in Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, Vol. XXII, 1913.

Hatch, Margaret G., Fort St. Clair, in Echoes, Vol. 4, No. 9, Sept. 1965.

Holmes, John R., The Story of Historic Fort Steuben, 2010, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Hood, Marilyn G., Fallen Timbers, in Echoes, Vol. 8, No. 8, Aug. 1969.

Jacobs, Charles M., Wayne's Trace: Fort Deposit to Fort Industry, 2003, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Keeler, Lucy Elliot, Old Fort Sandoski of 1745 and the "Sandusky Country", 1909 reprint of Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications, Vol. XVII, October 1908.

Keller, Christine (Project Manager), Archeology of the Battles of Fort Recovery, Mercer County, Ohio: Education and Protection, 2011, Applied Archaeology Laboratories, Department of Anthropology, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana.

Marietta Area Tourist and Convention Bureau, Marietta, the start of it all!: An Historic Tour brochure, undated (1991 ?).

Metropolitan Park District of the Toledo Area, Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site: General Management Plan, 2006.

Metro Parks Toledo Area, Walking Through History: Fallen Timbers and Fort Miamis booklet, undated.

National Park Service, Hopewell Culture NHP, undated handouts: Hopeton Earthworks; Hopewell Mound Group; Mound City Group; Seip Earthworks; The Six Units of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (2018).

National Park Service, Mound City Group National Monument brochures, 1947, 1975, 1991 (1985 reprint).

Ohio Historical Society, Campus Martius: The Museum of the Northwest Territory brochure, undated.

Ohio Historical Society, brochure, undated.

Pieper, Thomas I., and James B. Gidney, Fort Laurens 1778-79: The Revolutionary War in Ohio, 1976, 1980 (1988), Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio.

Porter, Charles W., Perry at Put in Bay: Echoes of the War of 1812, Popular Study Series History No. 8, undated (1941), National Park Service, Washington.

Siegel, Nan, A New Generation Digs Johnson's Island, in Civil War Times Magazine, Vol. 48, No. 2, April 2009.

Soodalter, Ron, Last Raid of a Rebel Pirate, in Civil War Times Magazine, Vol. 48, No. 2, April 2009.

Tucker, Patrick M., Charles Parker's War of 1812 Blockhouse: The Historical Record and the Terry Speer Collection of Historic Artifacts, 2018, Firelands Archaeology, Amherst, Ohio.

Tucker, Patrick M., The Mysterious Ruins: Rescuing the Spafford Farmstead From the Forgotten War of 1812, in North American Archaeologist, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2018.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Fallen Timbers Battlefield (Maumee), 1983.

Williams, Gary S., The Forts of Ohio: A Guide to Military Stockades, 2005, Buckeye Book Press, Caldwell, Ohio.

Winkler, John F., Fallen Timbers 1794: The US Army's First Victory, 2013, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Winkler, John F., Peckuwe 1780: The Revolutionary War on the Ohio River Frontier, 2018, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom.

Winkler, John F., Wabash 1791: St. Clair's Defeat, 2011, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

no author cited, Fort Laurens, in Echoes, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1965.

no author cited, A Raider's Journey, in Echoes, Vol. 2, No. 6, June 1963.


WEST VIRGINIA

West Virginia Atlas and Gazetteer, 1997 (1st edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

no author cited, The History of West Virginia, Old and New, Volume I, 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc., Chicago, Illinois.

Ansel, William H., Jr., Frontier Forts Along the Potomac and its Tributaries, 1984, reprint 1995, Fort Pearsall Press, Inc., Romney, West Virginia.

Cohen, Stan, The Civil War in West Virginia: A Pictorial History, 1976, revised edition 1999, Quarrier Press L.L.C., Charleston, West Virginia.

Cohen, Stan B., A Pictorial Guide to West Virginia's Civil War Sites, and Related Information, 1990, revised 2003, Quarrier Press L.L.C., Charleston, West Virginia.

The Fort Edwards Foundation, ...at Edwards on the Cacapehon... brochure, 2004.

The Fort Edwards Foundation, The Story of Joseph Edwards' Fort brochure, 2001.

Fort Mill Ridge Foundation, Fort Mill Ridge brochure, undated.

Gilbert, Dave, A Walker's Guide to Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, 1983 (2nd Printing 1984), Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Charleston, West Virginia.

Gruber, Terry, Hampshire County Crisis, April 1756, 1999, The Fort Edwards Foundation, Capon Bridge, West Virginia.

Johnson, Clint, Touring Virginia's and West Virginia's Civil War Sites, 1999, John F. Blair, Publisher, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Koontz, Louis K., The Virginia Frontier, 1754-1763, 1925, reprint 2005, Heritage Books, Inc., Westminster, Maryland.

Lee, Andrew S., The U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry: Historic Resource Study, 2006, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Archeology Program.

Mason County Tourism Office, Visit Historic Fort Randolph brochure, undated.

McBride, Kim, and W. Stephen McBride, Frontier Defense: Colonizing Contested Areas in the Greenbrier Valley of West Virginia, 2014, Kentucky Archaeological Survey.

Myers, S., Names, Locations, and Date of Establishment of Forts in West Virginia, from Myers' History of West Virginia, Volume I, 1915, The Wheeling News Lithograph Company, Wheeling, West Virginia.

National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park brochures, 1992, 2011 (2010 reprint).

National Park Service, Harpers Ferry NHP, Historical Significance of Harpers Ferry handout, undated.

National Park Service, John Brown's Raid, 1973, reprint 1990, National Park Service History Series, Office of Publications, Washington.

Nogay, Michael E., Every Home a Fort, Every Man a Warrior: Stories of the Forts and Men in the Upper Ohio Valley During the American Revolutionary War, 2009, Tri-State Publishing Co., Steubenville, Ohio.

Pendleton County Chamber of Commerce, War Between the States in Pendleton County brochure, undated.

Quisenberry, Marie Edwards, and Roberts Rochford Munske, Joseph Edwards, 2003, The Fort Edwards Foundation, Capon Bridge, West Virginia.

Roush, Herbert L., Sr., Blennerhassett Island Souvenir Visitor Guide, 1992 (2nd edition revised), self-published.

Shaffer, Dallas B., The Battle at Droop Mountain booklet, undated, West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, South Charleston, West Virginia.

Snell, Charles W., The Fortifications at Harpers Ferry, Va., in 1861 and Jackson's Attack, May 1862, 1960, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Monument.

Snell, Charles W., Harpers Ferry Becomes a Fortress, September 21, 1862 - October 6, 1863, 1959, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Monument.

Snell, Charles W., Harpers Ferry Repels an Attack and Becomes the Major Base of Operations for Sheridan's Army, July 4, 1864 to July 27, 1865, 1960, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Monument.

Sullivan, Arthur L., History of Harpers Ferry in 1862, undated (1960 ?), National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Monument.

Swift, Robert B., The Mid-Appalachian Frontier: A Guide to Historic Sites of the French and Indian War, 2001, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Burnsville Lake Project, Weston and Gauley Bridge Turnpike Trail brochure, undated.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntington District, The Bulltown Historical Area brochure, undated.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntington District, Site of the Civil War Battle of Bulltown info sheet, undated.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Camp Bartow Historic District (Pocahontas County), 1996.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Fayetteville Historic District (Fayette County), 1990.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Spring Valley Farm (Monroe County), Boundary Increase Addendum, undated (1992 ?).

West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Marking Our Past: West Virginia's Historical Highway Markers, 2002, Charleston, West Virginia.

West Virginia Division of Tourism, West Virginia Civil War Heritage brochure, 2005.

West Virginia State Parks and Forests, Carnifex Ferry Battlefield State Park brochure, 2002.

West Virginia State Parks and Forests, Droop Mountain Battlefield State Park brochure, 1999.

West Virginia State Parks and Forests, Prickett's Fort State Park brochure, 2004.

West Virginia State Parks and Forests, Tu-Endie-Wei - Point Pleasant Battle Monument State Park brochure, 2000.

Winkler, John F., Point Pleasant 1774: Prelude to the American Revolution, 2014, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom.


WISCONSIN

Wisconsin Atlas and Gazetteer, 2010 (11th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Lake Mills - Aztalan Historical Society, Inc. brochure, undated.


Eastern U.S. Forts