American Forts Network

MOUNTAIN WEST STATES

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted in my research on American Forts of the Mountain West States. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal mail from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings, or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one state, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) state referenced. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.


GENERAL REFERENCES

Sources previously listed under CENTRAL PLAINS GENERAL REFERENCES will not be repeated here

Adams, Matthew L., Designating U.S. Seacoast Fortifications: War Department General Orders and Letters from the Adjutant General, 1809-1950, 2000, self-published.

Berhow, Mark A., (editor), American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide (2nd edition), 1999, 2004, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

Colton, Ray C., The Civil War in the Western Territories: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah, 1959, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Field, Ron, Forts of the American Frontier 1776-1891: California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska, 2011, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Floyd, Dale E., Defending America's Coasts, 1775-1950: A Bibliography, 1985, 1997 (2nd edition), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History, Alexandria, Virginia.

Hart, Herbert M., Old Forts of the Far West, 1965, Bonanza Books, New York.

Hayes, Derek, Historical Atlas of the Pacific Northwest: Maps of Exploration and Discovery, 1999, revised 2000, Sasquatch Books, Seattle, Washington.

Hearn, Chester G., The Illustrated Directory of the United States Marine Corps, 2003, Motorbooks International (MBI) Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minnesota.

Lewis, Emanuel Raymond, Seacoast Fortifications of the United States: An Introductory History, 1970, reprint 1993 (with corrections), Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland.

McGovern, Terrance, and Bolling Smith, American Coastal Defenses 1885-1950, 2006, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Michno, Gregory, The Deadliest Indian War in the West: The Snake Conflict, 1864-1868, 2007, Caxton Press, Caldwell, Idaho.

Morgan, Mark L., and Mark A. Berhow, Rings of Supersonic Steel: Air Defenses of the United States Army 1950 - 1979 (Revised 3rd Edition), 1992, 2002, 2010, Hole in the Head Press, Bodega Bay, California.

Nelson, Kurt R., Fighting for Paradise: A Military History of the Pacific Northwest, 2007, Westholme Publishing, LLC, Yardley, Pennsylvania.

Stuart, Gene, America's Ancient Cities, 1988, National Geographic Society, Washington.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History, The History of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1986, 1998 (2nd edition), Alexandria, Virginia.

United States House of Representatives, Permanent Fortifications and Sea-Coast Defences: Report of the Committee on Military Affairs, 1862, reprint 1998, The CDSG Press, Bel Air, Maryland.

United States House of Representatives, Report of the Board on Fortifications or Other Defenses, with Plates to Accompany the Report, 1886, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

United States House of Representatives, Report of the Board of Review of the War Department to the Secretary of War on the Coast Defenses of the United States, the Panama Canal, and the Insular Possessions, 1916, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

United States Senate, Report of the National Coast-Defense Board, 1906, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

Weaver, John R., II, A Legacy in Brick and Stone: American Coastal Defense Forts of the Third System, 1816-1867, 2001, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana.

Williford, Glen M., The Transitional Coast Defense Generation: American Seacoast Defenses of the 1870s, 2005, self-published.


ALASKA

Alaska Atlas and Gazetteer, 2010 (7th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

The Milepost, 49th edition, 1997-1998, Vernon Publications, Inc., Bellevue, Washington.

Bureau of Land Management, Eagle - Fort Egbert: A Remnant of the Past booklet, 1977.

Cohen, Stan, The Forgotten War: A Pictorial History of World War II in Alaska and Northwestern Canada, Vol. 1, 1981, reprint 2002, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, Montana.

Cohen, Stan, The Forgotten War: A Pictorial History of World War II in Alaska and Northwestern Canada, Vol. 2, 1988, reprint 2002, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, Montana.

Cohen, Stan, The Forgotten War: A Pictorial History of World War II in Alaska and Northwestern Canada, Vol. 3, 1992, reprint 2002, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, Montana.

Cohen, Stan, The Forgotten War: A Pictorial History of World War II in Alaska and Northwestern Canada, Vol. 4, 1993, reprint 2000, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, Montana.

Coppock, Mike, Into the Heart of Alaska with Allen, in Wild West Magazine, December 2006.

Gaines, William C., The Coast Artillery on Shemya Island, 1943-1947, in Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2, May 2009.

Olson, Wallace M., A History of Fort Durham: Hudson's Bay Company Trading Post Located in Taku Harbor, 1840-1843, Within the Boundaries of Present Day Juneau, Alaska, 1994, Heritage Research, Juneau, Alaska.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #22 - Alaska Defenses, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 12, No. 2, May 1998.

ARIZONA

1995 Arizona-New Mexico Highway Map, American Automobile Association, Heathrow, Florida.

Faust, David T., and Kenneth A. Randall, Life at Post: Fort Lowell, Arizona Territory, 1873-1891, in The Smoke Signal, No. 74, Spring 2002, Tucson Corral of the Westerners, Tucson, Arizona.

Fort Apache Agency, Arizona's Historic Forts of the Apache Wars brochure, undated.

Fort Lowell Museum, Plan of Fort Lowell, Arizona Territory, circa 1880 facsimile map.

Gardner, Mark, Fort Bowie National Historic Site, 1994, Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, Tucson, Arizona.

National Park Service, Fort Bowie National Historic Site brochure, 2000.

Yuma Crossing Foundation, Inc., Yuma Crossing Quartermaster Depot brochure, 1994.

CALIFORNIA

Angel Island State Park: Your Passport to American History brochure, undated.

Berhow, Mark A., A Brief History of the Bolsa Chica Military Reservation, 1941-1948, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, Feb. 1995.

Berhow, Mark A., Fire Control Stations of the Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 1, Feb. 1989.

Berhow, Mark A., The "Other" Coast Artillery Posts of Southern California: Camp Haan, Camp Callan, and Camp McQuaide, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 1, Feb. 1990.

Boessenecker, John, Dutch Charley's Fight against the Vigilantes, in Wild West Magazine, February 2001.

Bowen, Robert W., San Francisco's Presidio, 2005, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Bruegmann, Robert, Benicia: Portrait of an Early California Town, An Architectural History, 1980, 101 Productions, San Francisco.

California State Parks, La Purisima Mission and its Environs, 1787 to the Present map, 2008.

Chappell, Gordon, Cannon of the Castillo: Weapons from San Francisco's First Fort handout, undated.

Chappell, Gordon, Spanish Bronze Cannon in the United States Manufactured in Peru During the Seventeenth Century, handout, 1994.

Chin, Brian B., Artillery at the Golden Gate: The Harbor Defenses of San Francisco in World War II, 1994, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula, Montana.

Clauss, Francis J., Alcatraz: Island of Many Mistakes, 1981, Briarcliff Press, Inc., Menlo Park, California.

Golden Gate National Parks Association, Map and Guide to the Seacoast Fortifications of the Golden Gate brochure, 1996 (reprint 2001).

Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, Discover Alcatraz: A Tour of the Rock brochure, 1996 (reprint 2006).

Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, Discover Fortress Alcatraz brochure, 2000 (reprint 2003).

Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, Nike Missile Site SF-88 brochure, 2004.

Horne, Kibbey M., A History of the Presidio of Monterey, 1770-1970, 1970, 2000, Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, Presidio of Monterey (2007 reprint by City of Monterey, California).

Johnston, Hank, Yosemite's Yesterdays, Volume II, 1991 (Revised 2nd Edition), Flying Spur Press, Yosemite, California.

Kent, Matthew W., Harbor Defenses of San Francisco - A Field Guide, 1890-1950, 2009, self-published by Blurb.com.

Los Angeles, City of, Department of Recreation and Parks, Fort MacArthur Museum brochure, undated.

Martini, John A., Alcatraz at War, 2002, Golden Gate National Parks Association, San Francisco.

Martini, John A., Battery Cavallo, Fort Baker: Survivor of the Plan of 1870, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1, Feb. 2000.

Martini, John A., Fort Point: Sentry at the Golden Gate, 1991, Golden Gate National Parks Association, San Francisco.

Martini, John A., Fortress Alcatraz: Guardian of the Golden Gate, 1990, revised 2004, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California.

National Park Service, Early History of the California Coast: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary brochure, undated (2008).

National Park Service, Cabrillo National Monument brochure, 1994.

National Park Service, Fort Point National Historic Site brochure, 2005.

National Park Service, Fort Point NHS, The Lights of Fort Point brochure, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate National Recreation Area brochures, 1991, 2000.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Battery Chamberlin brochure, 2006.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Marin Headlands Trail Map map, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Marin Headlands, Fort Baker brochure, 2003.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Baker, Fort Baker History Walk: Horseshoe Cove: A Water Haven on San Francisco Bay booklet, undated.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Baker, Fort Baker History Walk: Innovations in Army Post Life booklet, undated.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Baker, Fort Baker Parade Ground Walk: Innovations in Army Post Life booklet, 2008 (revised).

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Barry, Fort Barry History Tour: An Army Post Standing Guard Over the Marin Headlands booklet, 2011 (revised).

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Marin Headlands, Fort Cronkhite History Walk: The World War II Army Post that Helped Defend San Francisco booklet, undated.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Milagra Ridge brochure, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco map, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, The 1915 World's Fair brochure, undated.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, Buffalo Soldiers brochure, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, Main Post Walk: 200 Years of History and Architecture booklet, 2005.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, Pioneers of Flight brochure, 2004.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, The Spanish-American War and the Presidio brochure, 2006.

National Park Service, Golden Gate NRA, Presidio of San Francisco, Under Three Flags brochure, 2003.

National Park Service, Point Reyes National Seashore brochure, 2005.

Nelson, Stephen R., and David K. Appel, Fort MacArthur, 2005, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Raugh, Harold E., Jr., Presidio of Monterey, 2004, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Smith, Bolling, The 16-Inch Batteries at San Francisco and the Evolution of the Casemated 16-Inch Battery, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1, Feb. 2001.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #10 - San Diego, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 5, No. 1, Feb. 1991.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #11 - The Seacoast Defenses of Los Angeles, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 5, No. 2, May 1991.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #19 - Forts of San Francisco, in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3, Aug. 1993.

COLORADO

1993 Official Highway Map, Colorado Department of Transportation, Denver, Colorado.

Brotemarkle, Diane, Old Fort St. Vrain, 2001, Johnson Books, Boulder, Colorado.

Carson, Phil, Fort Garland Museum: A Capsule History and Guide, 2005, Colorado Historical Society, Denver, Colorado.

Colorado Historical Society, Fort Garland brochure, undated.

Colorado Historical Society, Fort Garland Museum brochure, undated.

Colorado Historical Society, Fort Vasquez brochure, undated.

Delta, City of, Fort Uncompahgre Living History Museum brochure, undated.

Friends of Fort Garland Museum, Celebrating 150 Years, 1858-1883, 2007 wall calendar.

National Park Service, Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site brochure, 1994.

Wilson, D. Ray, Colorado Historical Tour Guide, 1990, Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, Illinois.

IDAHO

1996 Official Highway Map, Idaho Transportation Department, Boise, Idaho.

National Park Service, Nez Perce National Historical Park brochure, 1993.

MONTANA

1994 Official Highway Map, Montana Department of Transportation, Helena, Montana.

Montana State University, College of Agriculture, and Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Fort Assinniboine Visitor's Guide brochure, 2014.

River and Plains Society, Fort Benton National Historic Landmark brochure, undated.

NEVADA

1995 Official Highway Map, Nevada Department of Transportation, Carson City, Nevada.

Nevada State Historic Preservation Office, A Guidebook to Nevada's Historical Markers, 4th edition, 2003, Carson City, Nevada.

Paher, Stanley W. (editor), Fort Churchill: Nevada Military Outpost of the 1860's, 1981, Nevada Natural History Association, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Smith, Philip D., Sagebrush Soldiers: Nevada's Volunteers in the Civil War, 1981, self-published (reprint of 1962 Nevada Historical Society Quarterly, Volume 5, Nos. 3-4).

NEW MEXICO

1992 Official Highway Map, New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Caperton, Thomas J., and LoRheda Fry, Links to the Past: New Mexico's State Monuments, 1977, revised edition 1982, The Museum of New Mexico Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Hartzler, Robert, Holding Down the Forts: The Army, Adobe, and Preservation, in Cultural Resources Management Bulletin No. 6, 1999, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

National Park Service, Fort Union National Monument brochure, 1993.

National Park Service, Pecos National Historical Park brochure, 1992.

Utley, Robert M., Fort Union National Monument (NPS Handbook 35), 1962 (reprint), National Park Service, Division of Publications, Washington.

OREGON

1996 Oregon-Washington Highway Map, American Automobile Association, Heathrow, Florida.

Beckham, Stephen D., Land of the Umpqua: A History of Douglas County, Oregon, 1986, Douglas County Commissioners, Roseburg, Oregon.

Barth, Gunter (editor), All Quiet on the Yamhill: The Civil War in Oregon, The Journal of Corporal Royal A. Bensell, Company D, Fourth California Infantry, 1959, University of Oregon Books, Eugene, Oregon.

Brauner, David R., Ph.D., Fort Hoskins Illustrated: An Archaeologist Reflects, 2006, Benton County Historical Society and Museum, Philomath, Oregon.

Clark, Cath (editor), Frontier Cavalryman: Lt. William Carey Brown's Letters from Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1878-1880, 2007, Bear Creek Press, Wallowa, Oregon.

The Daily Astorian, Fort Clatsop: Rebuilding an Icon, 2007, Ooligan Press, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon.

Dattilio, Daniel J., Fort Clatsop: The Story Behind the Scenery, 1986 (4th printing 2000), KC Publications, Inc., Las Vegas, Nevada.

Gitzen, Garry D., Francis Drake in Nehalem Bay 1579: Setting the Historical Record Straight, 2008, 2011 Revised Edition, Fort Nehalem Publishing, Wheeler, Oregon.

Glen, Susan L., Fort Stevens, 2008, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Hald, Chris, with Bert Webber, Camp White, Oregon: The 91st (Fir Tree) Infantry Division, 1994, Webb Research Group Publishers, Medford, Oregon.

Hanft, Marshall, The Cape Forts: Guardians of the Columbia, 1973, 2003 reprint, Friends of Old Fort Stevens, Hammond, Oregon.

Hanft, Marshall, Fort Stevens: Oregon's Defender at the River of the West, 1980, Friends of Old Fort Stevens, Inc., Hammond, Oregon.

Knuth, Priscilla, Picturesque Frontier: The Army's Fort Dalles 2nd Edition, 1968, 1987, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland, Oregon.

McArthur, Lewis A., and Lewis L. McArthur, Oregon Geographic Names, Seventh Edition, 2003, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland, Oregon.

Stone, Buena C., Old Fort Klamath: An Oregon Frontier Post, 1863-1890, 1990, Webb Research Group, Medford, Oregon.

Victor, Frances F., The Early Indian Wars of Oregon, Compiled from the Oregon Archives and Other Original Sources, with Muster Rolls, 1894, digital reprint by Kessinger Publishing.

Webber, Bert, Panic! at Fort Stevens, 1995, 1998, Webb Research Group Publishers, Medford, Oregon.

Winterbotham, Jerry, Hudson's Bay Fort at Elkton, Oregon: A Short History, 2009, self-published report.

Winterbotham, Jerry, Umpqua: The Lost County of Oregon, 1994, self-published.

UTAH

1995 Official Highway Map, Utah Department of Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Foster, Robert L., Beginning in 1865, Ute Chief Black Hawk went to war against the Mormon Settlers of Utah Territory, in Wild West Magazine, June 2002.

Glick, Daniel, A Dry Red Season, in National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 209, No. 4, April 2006, National Geographic Society, Washington.

University of Utah, Historic Fort Douglas at the University of Utah: A Brief History and Walking Tour, undated, Salt Lake City, Utah.

WASHINGTON

1996 Oregon-Washington Highway Map, American Automobile Association, Heathrow, Florida.

Bafus, Wanda, Vancouver Barracks and "A Walk up Main Street, Vancouver USA", Vancouver, Washington, 1930's - 1940's, 2004, self-published.

Blackburn, Marc K., The Establishment of the Coastal Defenses of Puget Sound, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 2000.

Carpenter, Cecelia S., Fort Nisqually: A Documented History of Indian and British Interaction, 1986, Tahoma Research Service, Tacoma, Washington.

Converse, George L., Lt. Colonel, Infantry (Ret.), A Military History of the Columbia Valley, 1988, Pioneer Press Books, Walla Walla, Washington.

The Daughters of Pioneers of Washington, Whatcom Chapter No. 5, The Pickett House brochure, undated.

Eckrom, J.A., Remembered Drums: A History of the Puget Sound Indian War, 1989, Pioneer Press Books, Walla Walla, Washington.

Fort Casey State Park brochure, undated.

Fort Nisqually Association, Fort Nisqually brochure, 1998.

Fort Worden State Park, Artillery Hill Walking Tour brochure, undated.

Fort Worden State Park, Park Map, undated.

Franklin, Deborah, Boar War, in Smithsonian Magazine, June 2005.

Fridlund, Paul, The Conquest: Washington's Story, 2003, self-published.

Friends of Discovery Park, Seattle, Way-Finding Map of Discovery Park, 2014.

Grobmeier, Alvin H., Fort Hayden, Washington - The Fort that Never Was, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 2, May, 1989.

Hagge, Greg, Coastal Defense in the Pacific Northwest, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 2, May 1989.

Hagge, Greg, Sit-Rep: Defenses of Western Washington - October 1995, in The CDSG Newsletter, Nov. 1995.

Hagge, Greg, Trip Report: Fort Whitman, WA, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 6, No. 3, Aug. 1992.

Hansen, David M., Battle Ready: The National Coast Defense System and the Fortification of Puget Sound, 1894-1925, 2014, Washington State University Press, Pullman, Washington.

Hyde, Arthur P. S., Capt., Attack and Defense of Fortified Harbors, 1914, 2009 reprint, Puget Sound Coast Artillery Museum, Port Townsend, Washington.

National Park Service, Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve brochure, 2012.

National Park Service, Fort Vancouver, Handbook 113, 2001 print, Division of Publications, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

National Park Service, San Juan Island National Historical Park brochure, 2013.

Puget Sound Coast Artillery Museum, Fort Worden Guide II, 2010, Port Townsend, Washington.

Sims, Philip, The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Coast Defense, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3, Aug. 2001.

Tacoma Metropolitan Parks District, Fort Nisqually Living History Museum brochure, undated.

Trust Board of Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve, Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve: A Driving and Bicycling Tour brochure, undated.

Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Coast Artillery Forts: A Century of Service brochure, 1999.

Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Fort Ebey State Park brochure, 2012.

Whatcom Museum, Bellingham History brochure, undated.

Wilson, Douglas C., and Theresa E. Langford (editors), Exploring Fort Vancouver, 2011, Fort Vancouver National Trust, Vancouver, and University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #20 - The Columbia River and Western Washington, in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 7, No. 4, Nov. 1993.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #21 - The Straits of Juan de Fuca and Puget Sound, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, Feb. 1995.

WYOMING

1998 Official Highway Map, Wyoming Transportation Commission, Cheyenne, Wyoming.

Bureau of Land Management, Wyoming State Office, Wyoming Historic Trails map, undated.

Ellison, Robert S., Fort Bridger: A Brief History, 1931, 2nd edition 1981 (2000 print), Fort Bridger Historical Association.

Fifer, Barbara, Wyoming's Historic Forts, 2002, Farcountry Press, Helena, Montana.

Fort Laramie Historical Association, Fort Laramie National Historic Site brochure, undated.

McDermott, John D., No More Snowstorms, Tears, or Dying, in Wild West Magazine, February 2006.

Monnett, John H., The Falsehoods of Fetterman's Fight, in Wild West Magazine, December 2010.

Moulton, Candy, Forts, Fights, and Frontier Sites: Wyoming Historic Locations, 2010, High Plains Press, Glendo, Wyoming.

National Park Service, National Trails System, National Historic Trails Auto Tour Route Interpretive Guide: Across Wyoming, 2007.

Niderost, Eric, When Coal Miners Burned: The Rock Springs Massacre, in Wild West Magazine, February 2002.

Service, Alex, The Life and Letters of Caspar W. Collins, 2000, City of Casper, Wyoming.

Spring, Agnes W., Caspar Collins: The Life and Exploits of an Indian Fighter of the Sixties, 1927 (1969 print), University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Togstad, Gary, and Carla, Camp Devin - Bradley Expedition 1878, Little Missouri River, Wyoming Territory booklet, 1989, self-published.

Vaughn, J.W., The Battle of Platte Bridge, 1963, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Wyoming Division of State Parks and Historic Sites, Fort Fetterman State Historic Site brochure, 1997.


Western U.S. Forts