American Forts Network

CENTRAL STATES

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted in my research on American Forts of the Great Plains States. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal mail from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings, or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one state, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) state referenced. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.


GENERAL REFERENCES

Athearn, Robert G., Forts of the Upper Missouri, 1967, 1972, Bison Book, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Barnes, Jeff, Forts of the Northern Plains: Guide to Historic Military Posts of the Plains Indian Wars, 2008, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Bial, Raymond, Building America: The Forts, 2002, Benchmark Books, Marshall Cavendish, Tarrytown, New York.

Bogart, Charles H., World War I National Army Cantonments, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIX, No. 2, Fall/Winter 2002.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of New France: The Great Lakes, the Plains and the Gulf Coast 1600-1763, 2010, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Colby, C. B., Historic American Forts: From Frontier Stockade to Coastal Fortress, 1963, Coward-McCann, Inc., New York.

Council on America's Military Past, Headquarters Heliogram periodical, Nos. 273 and up, May-June 1999 to present, Sunbright, Tennessee.

Cowles, Calvin D., Capt. U.S. Army (compiler), The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, 1895, 1983, reprint 2003, Barnes and Noble Publishing, Inc., New York.

Christensen, Carol, and Thomas Christensen, The U.S.-Mexican War: Companion to the Public Television Series, 1998, Bay Books, San Francisco.

Chun, Clayton K.S., US Army in the Plains Indian Wars, 1865-91, 2004, Osprey Publishing, Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Cromie, Alice, A Tour Guide to the Civil War, 1964, 1992 (4th edition, revised), Rutledge Hill Press, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee.

Crook, George (edited by Martin F. Schmitt), General George Crook: His Autobiography, 1946, 1960, 1986, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Denfeld, D. Colt, World War I Mobilization Camps, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIX, No. 2, Fall/Winter 2002.

Dye, David H., and Cheryl Anne Cox (eds.), Towns and Temples Along the Mississippi, 1990, The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Field, Ron, American Civil War Fortifications: The Mississippi and River Forts, 2007, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Field, Ron, Forts of the American Frontier 1820-91: Central and Northern Plains, 2005, Osprey Publishing, Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Field, Ron, Forts of the American Frontier 1820-91: The Southern Plains and Southwest, 2006, Osprey Publishing, Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Frazer, Robert W., Forts of the West: Military Forts and Presidios and Posts Commonly Called Forts West of the Mississippi River to 1898, 1965, 1972, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Grant, Bruce, American Forts: Yesterday and Today, 1965, E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., New York.

Greguras, Fred, Spanish-American War Camps, 1898-99 Period, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVI, No. 3, Winter 2000.

Hafen, LeRoy R., (editor), French Fur Traders and Voyageurs in the American West, 1965, reprint 1997, Bison Books (University of Nebraska Press), Lincoln, Nebraska.

Hannings, Bud, A Portrait of the Stars and Stripes (Vol. I), 1988, Seniram Publishing, Inc., Glenside, Pennsylvania.

Hannings, Bud, A Portrait of the Stars and Stripes, Vol. II, 1991, Seniram Publishing, Inc., Glenside, Pennsylvania.

Hart, Herbert M., Old Forts of the Northwest, 1963, Superior Publishing Co., Seattle, Washington.

Hart, Herbert M., Old Forts of the Southwest, 1964, Superior Publishing Co., Seattle, Washington.

Hart, Herbert M., Pioneer Forts of the West, 1967, Bonanza Books, New York.

Hart, Herbert M., Tour Guide to Old Forts of Montana, Wyoming, North & South Dakota, 1980, Pruett Publishing Company, Boulder, Colorado.

Hayes, Derek, Historical Atlas of the United States, with Original Maps, 2007, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Hinds, James R., and Edmund Fitzgerald, Bulwark and Bastion: A Look at Musket Era Fortifications with a Glance at Period Siegecraft, 1981, revised 1996, Pioneer Press, Union City, Tennessee.

Hogan, David W., Jr., and Charles E. White, The U.S. Army and the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 2003, U.S. Army Center of Military History, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

Jones, David E., Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications, 2004, University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Kalman, Bobby, and David Schimpky, Fort Life, 1994, Crabtree Publishing Company, New York.

Kaufmann, J.E., and H.W. Kaufmann, Fortress America: The Forts that Defended America, 1600 to the Present (with 2004 Addendum on CD-ROM), 2004, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Lamar, Howard (ed.), New Encyclopedia of the American West, 1998, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Lang, Walt, United States Military Almanac, 1989, Military Press (Crown Publishers, Inc.), New York.

McDermott, John D., A Guide to the Indian Wars of the West, 1998, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Montana Magazine, Along the Trail with Lewis and Clark: 2004-2005 Travel Planner and Guide, 2004, Farcountry Press, Helena, Montana.

Moore, Robert J., Jr., and Michael Haynes, Lewis and Clark - Tailor Made, Trail Worn: Army Life, Clothing, and Weapons of the Corps of Discovery, 2003, Farcountry Press, Helena, Montana.

Morgan, William N., Precolumbian Architecture in Eastern North America, 1999, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Murphy, Dan, Lewis and Clark: Voyage of Discovery (The Story Behind the Scenery), 1977 (6th printing 1994), KC Publications, Las Vegas, Nevada.

National Park Service, California National Historic Trail brochure, 2006 (2008 reprint).

National Park Service, Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail brochures, 2002, 2011.

National Park Service, Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail brochures, 1995, 2007.

National Park Service, Oregon National Historic Trail brochures, 1996 (1999 reprint), 2001, 2008.

National Park Service, Pony Express National Historic Trail brochure, 2003.

National Park Service, Santa Fe National Historic Trail brochure, 1997.

National Park Service, Trail of Tears National Historic Trail brochure, 1996.

Oklahoma Historical Society, A Guide to Trans-Mississippi Civil War Sites: NW Arkansas, SE Kansas, SW Missouri, and NE Oklahoma brochure, undated.

Prucha, Francis Paul, A Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895, 1964, The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

de Quesada, Alejandro M., Spanish Colonial Fortifications in North America 1565-1822, 2010, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Forts and Battlefields, 1997, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Historic Places, 1993, reprint 1995, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Just off the Interstate, 1996, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Our Living History, 1996, Pleasantville, New York.

Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, 1988, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.

Robinson, Willard B., American Forts: Architectural Form and Function, 1977, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. (ed.), The Almanac of American History (Revised and Updated Edition), 1983, 1993, Barnes and Noble Books, New York.

Thorp, Daniel B., Lewis and Clark: An American Journey, 1998, Metro Books, New York.

Utley, Robert M., After Lewis and Clark: Mountain Men and the Paths to the Pacific (previously titled A Life Wild and Perilous), 1997, reprint 2004, Bison Books (University of Nebraska Press), Lincoln, Nebraska.

Utley, Robert M., Frontiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848-1865, 1967, 1981, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Utley, Robert M., and Wilcomb E. Washburn, The American Heritage History of The Indian Wars, 1977, reprint 1982, Bonanza Books, New York City.

Ware, Eugene F. (Capt., US Army), The Indian War of 1864, 1911, 1960, 1994, Bison Book, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Waugh, John C., Sam Bell Maxey and the Confederate Indians, 1995, Ryan Place Publishers, Fort Worth, Texas.

Wishart, David J., The Fur Trade of the American West, 1807-1840, 1979, 1992 (2nd edition), Bison Books (University of Nebraska Press), Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wood, W. Raymond, Prologue to Lewis & Clark: The Mackay and Evans Expedition, 2003, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.


ARKANSAS

Arkansas Atlas and Gazetteer, 2004 (2nd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, Roads, Old Trails, Traces and Historical Places of Arkansas map 149, 1993.

Arkansas State Parks, Hampson Museum State Park brochure, 1992.

Arkansas State Parks, Parkin Archaeological State Park brochure, 1995.

Arkansas State Parks, Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park brochure, 2005.

Fort Smith Convention and Visitors Bureau, The Civil War in Western Arkansas: A Self-guided Tour of Fort Smith and Van Buren brochure, undated.

Higgins, Billy D., Fort Smith: Vanguard of Western Frontier History, 2007, The Creative Company, Lawrenceburg, Indiana.

Miller, Jay S., and Elwin Goolsby, The Red River Campaign in Arkansas, 1989. Arkansas State Parks, Little Rock, Arkansas.

National Park Service, Arkansas Post National Memorial brochure, 1991.

National Park Service, Fort Smith National Historic Site brochure, 2008.

National Park Service, Pea Ridge National Military Park brochure, 1997.

Schambach, Frank, and Leslie Newell, Crossroads of the Past: 12,000 Years of Indian Life in Arkansas, 1990, Arkansas Humanities Council, Little Rock, Arkansas.

IOWA

1997 Official Highway Map, Iowa Department of Transportation, Des Moines, Iowa.

Michno, Susan J., The Spirit Lake Massacre: Death and Captivity, in Wild West Magazine, February 2006.

National Park Service, National Trails System, National Historic Trails Auto Tour Route Interpretive Guide: The Mormon Pioneer Trail Across Iowa in 1846, 2007.

State Historical Society of Iowa, Fort Atkinson State Preserve brochure, 2000.

Whittaker, William E. (editor), Frontier Forts of Iowa: Indians, Traders, and Soldiers, 1682-1862, 2009, Bur Oak Books, University of Iowa Press, Iowa City.

KANSAS

1997 Official Highway Map, Kansas Department of Transportation, Topeka, Kansas.

Bisel, Debra Goodrich, and Michelle M. Martin, Kansas Forts and Bases: Sentinels on the Prairie, 2013, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Cunningham, Mary Jo, Crossroads of the USA: Fort Harker, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVI, No. 1, Spring/Summer 1999.

Kansas State Historical Society, Fort Hays brochure, undated.

Kansas State Historical Society, Historic Forts and Trails in Kansas map, 1996.

Linn County Museum, Border Wars: A Prelude to the Civil War brochure, undated.

National Park Service, Fort Larned National Historic Site brochure, 2009.

National Park Service, National Trails System, National Historic Trails Auto Tour Route Interpretive Guide: Western Missouri Through Northeastern Kansas, 2005.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Dodge: Sentry of the Western Plains, 1998 (2003 print), Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Harker: Defending the Journey West, 2000, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Hays: Keeping Peace on the Plains, 1980, 1996 revised edition, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Larned: Guardian of the Santa Fe Trail, 1982, 1997 revised edition, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Scott: Courage and Conflict on the Border, 1984, 1996 revised edition (2008 print), Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Oliva, Leo E., Fort Wallace: Sentinel on the Smoky Hill Trail, 1998, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance, John Brown of Kansas, 1855-1859 brochure, 2000, 2001 revised.

U.S. Army, Fort Riley, Historic Fort Riley brochure, undated.

U.S. Army, Fort Riley, Custer House - Quarters 24 brochure, undated.

Utley, Robert M., Fort Larned National Historic Site, 1993, Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, Tucson, Arizona.

MINNESOTA

1995 Official Highway Map, Minnesota Department of Transportation, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Baker, Robert O., The Muster Roll: A Biography of Fort Ripley, Minnesota, undated, H.M. Smyth Co., Inc., St. Paul, Minnesota.

Hansen, Marcus L., Old Fort Snelling, undated (1918 ?), 2007 reprint, BiblioBazaar, Charleston, South Carolina.

Jones, Evan, Citadel in the Wilderness: The Story of Fort Snelling and the Old Northwest Frontier, 1966, Coward-McCann, Inc., New York.

Minnesota Historical Society, Historic Fort Snelling brochure, undated (1993 ?).

Niderost, Eric, The Great Sioux Uprising of 1862, in Military Heritage Magazine, December 2010.

Osman, Stephen E., Fort Snelling Then and Now: The World War II Years, 2011, The Friends of Fort Snelling, St. Paul, Minnesota.

MISSOURI

Missouri Atlas and Gazetteer, 2010 (4th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Cape Girardeau Convention and Visitors Bureau, Civil War Sites brochure, 2001.

Cape Girardeau Convention and Visitors Bureau, Driving Tour of Civil War Sites of Cape Girardeau brochure, undated (2005).

Gillespie, Michael, Fort Osage: A History of the Garrison, 1808-1813, 2009, self-published.

Jackson County Parks and Recreation, Fort Osage - Missouri Town 1855 brochure, 2005.

Kelly, Mark W., The Yellowstone Expedition: The American Military on the Missouri River, 1818-1820, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVII, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2000.

Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, Battle of Lexington SHS, The Battle of Lexington handout, 1998.

Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, Fort Davidson State Historic Site brochures, 1991, 2000.

Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, A State Divided: Missouri and the Civil War, 2000.

National Park Service, Wilson's Creek National Battlefield brochures, 1999, 2001.

Phelps County Historical Society, Rolla Historical Tour brochure, undated.

St. Louis County Parks, Fort Belle Fontaine brochure, undated.

St. Louis County Parks, Jefferson Barracks brochure, undated.

St. Louis County Parks, Take Your Post! Jefferson Barracks Historic Hayride Tour booklet, undated.

Sakurai, Gail, The Louisiana Purchase, 1998, Children's Press, Danbury, Connecticut.

Schake, Lowell M., The Last Settlement of Whites on this River..., in Missouri Life Magazine, August 2003.

Southeast Missouri Regional Planning and Economic Development Commission, The Civil War in the Southeast Missouri Region brochure, 2002.

Southeast Missouri Regional Planning and Economic Development Commission, The Trail of Tears in the Southeast Missouri Region brochure, undated.

West, Diana, A border land dispute between Missouri and Iowa led to the so-called Honey War in 1839, in Wild West Magazine, February 2002.

NEBRASKA

1993 Official Highway Map, Nebraska Department of Roads, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Buecker, Thomas R., The Paper Trail at Fort Robinson: Researching the History of a U.S. Military Post, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXIX, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2002.

Cheyenne County Historical Association, Fort Sidney Museum and Post Commander's Home brochure, undated.

Fort Atkinson, NEBRASKAland magazine insert special, undated.

National Park Service, National Trails System, National Historic Trails Auto Tour Route Interpretive Guide: Nebraska and Northeastern Colorado, 2006, 2010.

Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Fort Atkinson 1820-1827 State Historical Park brochure, undated.

Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Fort Hartsuff 1874-1881 State Historical Park brochure, 2010.

Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Fort Kearny State Historical Park and State Recreational Area brochure and map handout, 2007.

Nebraska State Historical Society, Fort Robinson, Crawford, Nebraska: A Self-Guided Tour (text by Thomas R. Buecker), booklet, 2004 (revised).

NORTH DAKOTA

1995 Official Highway Map, North Dakota Department of Transportation, Bismark, North Dakota.

Barbour, Barton H., Fort Union and the Upper Missouri Fur Trade, 2001, 2002 edition, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Chambers, Lee, Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory, 2008, Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., Atglen, Pennsylvania.

Fort Union Association, Map and Guide to Fort Union Trading Post, undated.

Kudelka, Scott R., Take the Adventure and Explore: Cross Ranch State Park, 2008, Adventure Publications, Inc., Cambridge, Minnesota.

Kudelka, Scott R., Take the Adventure and Explore: Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, 2008, Adventure Publications, Inc., Cambridge, Minnesota.

Kudelka, Scott R., Take the Adventure and Explore: Fort Ransom and Beaver Lake State Parks, 2008, Adventure Publications, Inc., Cambridge, Minnesota.

Kudelka, Scott R., Take the Adventure and Explore: Fort Stevenson State Park, 2008, Adventure Publications, Inc., Cambridge, Minnesota.

National Park Service, Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site brochure, 2012.

National Park Service, Fort Union Trading Post NHS, undated handouts: Fort Union's Trade House; The Bourgeois at Fort Union; The Métis; The Assiniboine; Fort Union Social Life; River Transportation; Fort Union's Artists.

OKLAHOMA

Oklahoma Atlas and Gazetteer, 2011 (4th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Arbuckle Historical Museum, Fort Arbuckle 1851 - 1870 brochure, undated, Davis, Oklahoma.

Austerman, Wayne R., Soldier Spring: Christmas Clash with Comanches and Kiowas, in Wild West Magazine, December 2006.

Blumberg, Arnold, Massacre on the Washita, in Military Heritage Magazine, April 2010.

Carmichael, John B., and Bob Rea, Fort Supply: The Hub of the Military Roads and Trails of the Southern Great Plains, 2001, Historic Fort Supply Foundation, Fort Supply, Oklahoma.

Carriker, Robert C., Fort Supply, Indian Territory: Frontier Outpost on the Plains, 1970, 1990 (2nd edition), University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Cook, Kevin L., The Infernal but Necessary Fort Gibson, in Wild West Magazine, August 2010.

Cunningham, Frank, General Stand Watie's Confederate Indians, 1959, reprint 1998, Red River Books, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Debo, Angie, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic, 1934, 1961 (2nd edition), Red River Books, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

DeRosier, Arthur H., Jr., The Removal of the Choctaw Indians, 1970 (reprint 1999), The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Faulk, Odie B., Kenny A. Franks, and Paul F. Lambert (eds.), Early Military Forts and Posts in Oklahoma, 1978, reprint 1990, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City.

Fort Reno Visitors Center, 1999 Fort Reno Tombstone Tales booklet, 1999.

Fort Reno Visitors Center, The Buildings at Historic Fort Reno booklet, undated (1997 ?).

Friends of Historic Fort Reno, Historic Fort Reno brochure, undated.

Historic Fort Reno, Inc., Historic Fort Reno brochure, undated (2002 ?).

Historic Fort Reno, Inc., World War II German Prisoner of War Camp brochure, 2002.

Hoig, Stan, Fort Reno and the Indian Territory Frontier, 2000, The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Megow, Frank, The German and Italian Prisoners of War of the Fort Reno Post Cemetery, 2004, Historic Fort Reno, Inc., El Reno, Oklahoma.

Morris, John W., and Charles R. Goins, Edwin C. McReynolds, Historical Atlas of Oklahoma, Third Edition, 1965, 1976, 1986, Red River Books, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Muncrief, Dennis, A History of Fort Arbuckle: It's People and Times, 2002, 2004, Author House, Bloomington, Indiana.

National Park Service, Washita Battlefield National Historic Site brochure, 2005.

Nye, Wilbur S., Carbine and Lance: The Story of Old Fort Sill, 1937, 1942, 1969 (3rd edition), University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Oklahoma Historical Society, Fort Supply, Indian Territory 1868 - 1894 brochure, 2003.

Oklahoma Historical Society, Fort Supply HS, undated info cards: 1868 Stockade, Teamster's Cabin, Commanding Officer's Quarters, Officers' Quarters, Guardhouse, Post Cemetery.

Plains Indians and Pioneers Museum, The Lee - Lienemann Picket Style Cabin brochure, undated, Woodward, Oklahoma.

Spencer, John D., The American Civil War in the Indian Territory, 2006, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Town of Fort Coffee, A History of the Town of Fort Coffee, Oklahoma info sheet, undated (2000 ?).

U.S. Army, Fort Sill, Fort Sill Museum brochure, undated.

Western State Psychiatric Center, An Historical Perspective: Establishment of Western Oklahoma Hospital info card, undated, Fort Supply, Oklahoma.

SOUTH DAKOTA

1997 Official Highway Map, South Dakota Department of Transportation, Pierre, South Dakota.

Johnson, Norma, Notes on the History of Fort Sisseton, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2001.

Parker, Wilson, Military Posts of the Black Hills, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2001.

Stachurski, Richard J., The Arikara War: Avenging Americans, in Wild West Magazine, December 2006.

TEXAS

Texas Atlas and Gazetteer, 2009 (7th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

various authors, Frontier Forts of Texas, 1966 (1985 print), Texian Press, Waco, Texas.

Betzer, Roy J., Fort Martin Scott, Dec. 1848 - March 1853: An Overview, undated manuscript.

Boggs, Johnny D., Pioneer rancher Milton Faver, the so-called Mystery Man of the Big Bend, tamed harsh west Texas, in Wild West Magazine, February 2006.

Callaghan, James, Miraculous Rebel Defense of Sabine Pass, in America's Civil War Magazine, May 1999.

Fort Sam Houston Museum, Hospitals at Fort Sam Houston, 2006.

Francell, Lawrence J., Fort Lancaster: Texas Frontier Sentinel, 1999, Texas State Historical Association, Austin, Texas.

Gaines, William C., Temporary Harbor Defenses in the Southern Defense Command, 1942-1944, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, Feb. 2002.

Hutton, Paul A., Camels Go West: Forgotten Frontier Story, in Wild West Magazine, December 2007.

Manuel, Dale A., Fort St. Louis and La Salle's Ill-Fated Colony, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, Feb. 2003.

Manuel, Dale A., The Fortifications of Pelican Spit, Galveston Harbor, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 21, No. 1, Feb. 2007.

Manuel, Dale A., The Galveston Forts and the Storm of the Century, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, May 2001.

Manuel, Dale A., Spanish-American War Batteries at Sabine Pass, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 16, No. 3, Aug. 2002.

Matthews, James T., Fort Concho: A History and a Guide, 2005, Texas State Historical Association, Austin, Texas.

McGowen, Stanley S., Good Riders and Crack Shots, in America's Civil War Magazine, March 2001.

Moorhead, Max L., The Presidio: Bastion of the Spanish Borderlands, 1975, 1991, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Pierce, Gerald S., Texas Under Arms: The Camps, Forts, and Military Towns of the Republic of Texas, 1836-1846, 1969, The Encino Press, Austin, Texas.

Presidio La Bahia, Presidio La Bahia: The Fort of the Bay brochure, undated.

Smith, Thomas T., The Old Army in Texas: A Research Guide to the U.S. Army in Nineteenth-Century Texas, 2000, Texas State Historical Association, Austin, Texas.

Stephen F. Austin State University, Stone Fort Museum brochure, undated.

Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes, Historical Atlas of Texas, 1989, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.

Sullivan, Jerry M., Fort McKavett: A Texas Frontier Post, 1993, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.

Texas Historical Commission, Texas in the Civil War brochure, 2002.

Texas Historical Commission, Texas in World War II brochure, 2005.

Texas Historical Commission, Texas Forts Trail Region brochure, 2001.

Texas Historical Commission, Texas Independence Trail Region brochure, 2001.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Sabine Pass Battleground State Historical Park brochure, 1995.

U.S. Army, Souvenir Booklet of the 197th Coast Artillery (AA), Camp Hulen, Texas, 1941.

Wilkins, Frederick, Defending the Borders: The Texas Rangers, 1848-1861, 2001, State House Press, Austin, Texas.

Wooster, Robert, Fort Davis: Outpost on the Texas Frontier, 1994, Texas State Historical Association, Austin, Texas.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #18 - Forts of the U.S. Gulf Coast, Part II - Mississippi thru Texas, in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, Feb. 1993.


Western U.S. Forts