American Forts Network

NORTHEAST

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted in my research on American Forts of the Northeastern United States. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal mail from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings, or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one state, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) state referenced. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.


GENERAL REFERENCES

Adams, Matthew L., Designating U.S. Seacoast Fortifications: War Department General Orders and Letters from the Adjutant General, 1809-1950, 2000, self-published.

Anderson, David G., and Michael Russo, Native Earthen Architecture in Eastern North America, in Cultural Resources Management Bulletin No. 6, 1999, National Park Service, Washington.

Anderson, Fred, The War that Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War, 2005, Viking Press, The Penguin Group, New York.

Berhow, Mark A., (editor), American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide (2nd edition), 1999, 2004, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

Bial, Raymond, Building America: The Forts, 2002, Benchmark Books, Marshall Cavendish, Tarrytown, New York.

Bogart, Charles H., World War I National Army Cantonments, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIX, No. 2, Fall/Winter 2002.

Chartrand, René, Forts of the American Revolution 1775-83, 2016, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of Colonial North America: British, Dutch, and Swedish Colonies, 2011, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763, 2008, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of the War of 1812, 2012, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Colby, C. B., Historic American Forts: From Frontier Stockade to Coastal Fortress, 1963, Coward-McCann, Inc., New York.

Coles, Harry L., The War of 1812, 1965, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Collins, Gilbert, Guidebook to the Historic Sites of the War of 1812, 1998, Dundern Press, Toronto, Ontario.

Connole, Dennis A., The 26th "Yankee" Division on Coast Patrol Duty, 1942-1943, 2008, McFarland and Company, Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina.

Council on America's Military Past, Headquarters Heliogram periodical, Nos. 273 to 299, May-June 1999 to September-October 2009, Sunbright, Tennessee / Manassas, Virginia.

Denfeld, D. Colt, World War I Mobilization Camps, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVIX, No. 2, Fall/Winter 2002.

Floyd, Dale E., Defending America's Coasts, 1775-1950: A Bibliography, 1985, 1997 (2nd edition), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Office of History, Alexandria, Virginia.

Fowler, William M., Jr., Empires at War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763, 2005, reprint 2006, Walker Publishing Co., Inc., New York.

Gardner, Charles K., A Dictionary of the Army of the United States, 1853, Government Printing Office, Washington.

Grant, Bruce, American Forts: Yesterday and Today, 1965, E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., New York.

Greguras, Fred, Spanish-American War Camps, 1898-99 Period, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVI, No. 3, Winter 2000.

Hannings, Bud, A Portrait of the Stars and Stripes (Vol. I), 1988, Seniram Publishing, Inc., Glenside, Pennsylvania.

Hannings, Bud, A Portrait of the Stars and Stripes, Vol. II, 1991, Seniram Publishing, Inc., Glenside, Pennsylvania.

Hayes, Derek, Historical Atlas of the United States, with Original Maps, 2007, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Hearn, Chester G., The Illustrated Directory of the United States Marine Corps, 2003, Motorbooks International (MBI) Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minnesota.

Hesseltine, William B. (ed.), Civil War Prisons, 1962, reprint 1972, The Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio.

Hibbert, Christopher, Redcoats and Rebels: The American Revolution Through British Eyes, 1990, reprint 1991, Avon Books, New York.

Hickey, Donald R., The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict, 1989, reprint 1995, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.

Hinds, James R., and Edmund Fitzgerald, Bulwark and Bastion: A Look at Musket Era Fortifications with a Glance at Period Siegecraft, 1981, revised 1996, Pioneer Press, Union City, Tennessee.

Jones, David E., Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications, 2004, University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Kalman, Bobby, and David Schimpky, Fort Life, 1994, Crabtree Publishing Company, New York.

Kaufmann, J.E., and H.W. Kaufmann, Fortress America: The Forts that Defended America, 1600 to the Present (with 2004 Addendum on CD-ROM), 2004, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Lang, Walt, United States Military Almanac, 1989, Military Press (Crown Publishers, Inc.), New York.

Latimer, Jon, 1812: War with America, 2007, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Lewis, Emanuel Raymond, Seacoast Fortifications of the United States: An Introductory History, 1970, reprint 1993 (with corrections), Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland.

Lyons, Chuck, Bloodbath in New England, in Military Heritage, October 2009.

Manucy, Albert, Artillery Through the Ages: A Short Illustrated History of Cannon, Emphasizing Types Used in America, 1949, reprint 1985, Division of Publications, National Park Service, Washington, DC.

Masoff, Joy, Chronicle of America: American Revolution, 1700-1800, 2000, Scholastic, Inc., New York.

Masoff, Joy, Chronicle of America: Colonial Times, 1600-1700, 2000, Scholastic, Inc., New York.

McGovern, Terrance, and Bolling Smith, American Coastal Defenses 1885-1950, 2006, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Meinig, D.W., The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, Vol. 1: Atlantic America, 1492-1800, 1986, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Middleton, Richard, Colonial America: A History, 1585-1776 (2nd edition), 1992, 1996, reprint 1997, Blackwell Publishers, Inc., Malden, Massachusetts.

Mitchell, Patricia B., Yanks, Rebels, Rats, and Rations: Scratching for Food in Civil War Prison Camps, 1993, reprint 1997, self-published.

Moore, Christopher, The Loyalists: Revolution, Exile, Settlement, 1984, revised 1994, McClelland and Stewart, Inc., Toronto, Ontario.

Morgan, Mark L., and Mark A. Berhow, Rings of Supersonic Steel: Air Defenses of the United States Army 1950 - 1979 (Revised 3rd Edition), 1992, 2002, 2010, Hole in the Head Press, Bodega Bay, California.

National Geographic Society (editors), 1812: A Traveler's Guide to the War that Defined a Continent, 2013, National Geographic Society, Washington, DC.

Parkman, Aubrey, Army Engineers in New England: The Military and Civil Works of the Corps of Engineers in New England 1775-1975, 1978, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New England Division, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Prucha, Francis Paul, A Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895, 1964, The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Forts and Battlefields, 1997, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Historic Places, 1993, reprint 1995, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Just off the Interstate, 1996, Pleasantville, New York.

The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Explore America: Our Living History, 1996, Pleasantville, New York.

Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, 1988, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.

Robinson, Willard B., American Forts: Architectural Form and Function, 1977, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.

Rubel, David, America's War of Independence, 1763-1783: A Concise Illustrated History of the American Revolution, 1992, Silver Moon Press/Agincourt Press, New York.

Sarty, Roger F., Coast Artillery, 1815-1914, 1988, Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. (ed.), The Almanac of American History (Revised and Updated Edition), 1983, 1993, Barnes and Noble Books, New York.

Schultz, Eric B., and Michael J. Tougias, King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict, 1999, reprint 2000, The Countryman Press, Woodstock, Vermont.

Shively, Julie, The Ideals Guide to Places of the American Revolution, 2001, Ideals Publications, Nashville, Tennessee.

Starbuck, David R., The Archaeology of Forts and Battlefields, 2011, 2012, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Symonds, Craig L., A Battlefield Atlas of the American Revolution, 1986, reprint 1999, The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

Thomas, Matthew E., Historic Powder Houses of New England: Arsenals of American Independence, 2013, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Thompson, Kenneth E., Jr., Gun Houses in New England: Part of the Second System Seacoast Defenses in 1808, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Aug. 1997.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History, The History of the US Army Corps of Engineers, 1986, 1998 (2nd edition), Alexandria, Virginia.

United States House of Representatives, Permanent Fortifications and Sea-Coast Defences: Report of the Committee on Military Affairs, 1862, reprint 1998, The CDSG Press, Bel Air, Maryland.

United States House of Representatives, Report of the Board on Fortifications or Other Defenses, with Plates to Accompany the Report, 1886, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

United States House of Representatives, Report of the Board of Review of the War Department to the Secretary of War on the Coast Defenses of the United States, the Panama Canal, and the Insular Possessions, 1916, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

United States Senate, Report of the National Coast-Defense Board, 1906, reprint 2007, The CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

Utley, Robert M., and Wilcomb E. Washburn, The American Heritage History of The Indian Wars, 1977, reprint 1982, Bonanza Books, New York City.

Wade, Arthur P., Artillerists and Engineers: The Beginnings of American Seacoast Fortifications 1794-1815, 1977, reprint 2011 by LuLu.com, CDSG Press, McLean, Virginia.

Weaver, John R., II, A Legacy in Brick and Stone: American Coastal Defense Forts of the Third System, 1816-1867, 2001, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana.

Williford, Glen M., The Transitional Coast Defense Generation: American Seacoast Defenses of the 1870s, 2005, self-published.

Wood, W.J., Battles of the Revolutionary War, 1775-81, 1990, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #7 - The Seacoast Defenses of Connecticut and of Long Island Sound, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 2, May 1990.


CONNECTICUT

Connecticut - Rhode Island Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (2nd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Connecticut Dept. of Environmental Protection, Fort Trumbull State Park brochure, undated.

MAINE

For Kittery - Portsmouth Harbor sources, see sources - Portsmouth Harbor Forts

The Maine Atlas and Gazetteer, 2004 (27th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Benoit, Peter W., History of Jewell Island, Maine, 1996, reprint 2002 (with Addendum), self-published.

Bradley, Robert L., The Forts of Maine, 1607-1945: An Archaeological and Historical Survey, 1981, Maine Historic Preservation Commision and Maine Bureau of Parks and Recreation.

Cayford, John E., Fort Knox - Fortress in Maine, 1983, Cay-Bel Publishing Co., Bangor, Maine.

Eastman, Joel W., Egg Rock Rodmans Re-Emplaced in Bar Harbor After 94 Years, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 6, No. 3, Aug. 1992.

Eastman, Joel W., Walking Tour of Fort McKinley: Interpreters Guide, 1999.

Eastman, Joel W., and Kimberly A. MacIsaac, An Island at War: The Peaks Island Military Reservation, 1942-1946, 2000, Fifth Maine Regiment Museum, Portland, Maine.

Fort Williams Park Trust, Fort Williams Official Centennial Walking Tour brochure, 1999, Cape Elizabeth, Maine.

Gratwick, Harry, The Forts of Maine: Silent Sentinels of the Pine Tree State, 2013, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Humiston, Fred, Fort Kent, Maine Historic Blockhouse booklet, 1965, reprint 1986, Fort Kent Boy Scouts.

Kittery, Town of, Welcome to Fort Foster, Kittery Point, Maine brochure, 2010.

MacNab, David B., 15 Interesting Historic Sites to Visit Along the Coast and Rivers of Maine, 2013, Maine Authors Publishing, Rockland, Maine.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Colonial Pemaquid State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Colonial Pemaquid SHS, Time Line of Events brochure, undated.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Fort Edgecomb State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Fort Knox State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Fort O'Brien State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands, Fort Point State Park brochure, undated.

Maine Division of Parks and Public Lands, Fort Kent State Historic Site brochure, undated.

Porter, C.F., A Brief History of Works Erected for the Defense of Portland, Maine, 1905, Press of the Engineer School, Washington Barracks, D.C.

Portland Harbor Museum, A Guide to Fort Preble, 1808-1950 brochure, undated.

Sharp, Arthur G., The Penobscot Expedition: An Exercise in Folly, in Military History Magazine, December 2003.

Thompson, Kenneth E., Jr., Portland Head Light and Fort Williams: An Illustrated History with a Walking Guide Map, 1998, The Thompson Group, Portland, Maine.

Tortora, Daniel J., Fort Halifax: Windsor's Historic Outpost, 2014, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Two Lights State Park, A Guide to Battery 201, 1942-1945 brochure, undated.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #1 - The Coast Defenses of Eastern Maine, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 2, No. 4, Nov. 1988.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #2 - The Coast Defenses of Portland, Maine, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 1, Feb. 1989.

MASSACHUSETTS

Massachusetts Atlas and Gazetteer, 1998 (1st edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Briggs, Rose T., Picture Guide to Historic Plymouth, 1963 (2nd printing 1964), The Pilgrim Society, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Butler, Gerald W., Fort Ruckman Through Time, 2013, Fonthill Media LLC.

Butler, Gerald W., The Guns of Boston Harbor: From the Bay Colony through the Present, 2001, self-published by 1stBooks Library.

Butler, Gerald W., The Military History of Boston's Harbor Islands, 2000, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Butler, Gerald W., The Military History of the Cape Cod Canal, 2002, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Castle Island Association, Castle Island - Fort Independence brochure, undated.

Coe, Michael D., The Line of Forts: Historical Archaeology on the Colonial Frontier of Massachusetts, 2006, University Press of New England, Lebanon, New Hampshire.

Ethier, Eric, Yankee Industry, Union Muscle, in Civil War Times Illustrated Magazine, Vol. 41, No. 2, May 2002.

Fort Taber Historical Association, Inc., A Brief History of Fort Taber brochure, undated.

Harris, John, The Birth of Boston: Pilgrims, Puritans, and Pioneers, 1980, special insert in The Boston Globe, Boston.

Harris, John, Washington's First Victory: The Liberation of Boston, 1976, special insert in The Boston Globe, Boston.

Lombard, Percival H., The Aptucxet Trading Post: The First Trading Post of the Plymouth Colony, 1953, Bourne Historical Society, Bourne, Massachusetts.

McDonald, Christopher, The Military History of New Bedford, 2001, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Massachusetts Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Fort Andrews Self-Guided Tour brochure, 2005.

Massachusetts Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Fort Warren Self-Guided Tour brochure, 2005.

Massachusetts Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Georges Island: Self-Guided Tour of Fort Warren brochure, undated.

Massachusetts Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Halibut Point State Park brochures, 2001, 2009.

Massachusetts Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Lovells Island Self-Guided Tour brochure, 2005.

Morrissey, Brendan, Boston 1775: The Shot Heard Around the World, 1995 (10th printing 2008 (2010)), Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

National Park Service, Boston National Historical Park brochure, 1995.

National Park Service, Boston and the American Revolution, Handbook 146, 1998, Division of Publications, Washington.

National Park Service, Minute Man National Historical Park brochure, 2009.

National Park Service, Springfield Armory National Historic Site brochure, 1994.

Schmidt, Jay, Fort Warren: New England's Most Historic Civil War Site, 2003, UBT Press, Amherst, New Hampshire.

Vaughan, Tom, Early History of Fort Banks, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 1, Feb. 1990.

White, Joseph, Charlemont as a Plantation: An Historical Discourse, facsimile copy of presentation delivered at Charlemont, MA, June 11, 1855, published 1858, T.R. Marvin and Son, Publishers, Boston.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #4 - The Defenses of Boston, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 3, Aug. 1989.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #5 - The Coast Defenses of New Bedford and the Buzzards Bay Canal, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 4, Nov. 1989.

NEW HAMPSHIRE

For Portsmouth Harbor sources, see sources - Portsmouth Harbor Forts

New Hampshire Atlas and Gazetteer, 1999 (12th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Cuneo, John R., Mysterious Fort Wentworth, in Historical New Hampshire, Vol. XVII, June 1962.

Guyol, Philip N., Fort Wentworth: The Mystery Compounded, in Historical New Hampshire, Vol. XVII, June 1962.

Hazlett, Charles A., "Chapter XXXIX - New Castle", from History of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, and Representative Citizens, 1915, Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., Chicago, transcribed by Claudia Menzel.

Heald, Bruce D., New Hampshire in the Civil War, 2001, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

The New Hampshire Society of the Colonial Dames of America, The Colonial Garrisons of New Hampshire, 1937, Exeter, New Hampshire.

Rutledge, Lyman, Ten Miles Out: Guide Book to the Isles of Shoals, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1949, 1984 (6th edition), with revisions and additions by Frederick T. McGill, Jr., Isles of Shoals Association (Unitarian-Universalist), Boston.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #3 - The Seacoast Defenses of Portsmouth, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 2, May 1989.

NEW YORK

New York State Atlas and Gazetteer, 1998 (5th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Barone, Constance, Madison Barracks Stone Hospital: Saving an Architectural Gem, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXX, No. 3, Winter 2005.

Batha, Thomas D., Fort Montgomery - Rouses Point, New York, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 6, No. 2, May, 1992.

Bellico, Russell P., Chronicles of Lake George: Journeys in War and Peace, 1995, Purple Mountain Press, Ltd., Fleischmanns, New York.

Bellico, Russell P., Sails and Steam in the Mountains: A Maritime and Military History of Lake George and Lake Champlain, 1992, reprint 1998 (with corrections), Purple Mountain Press, Ltd., Fleischmanns, New York.

Benner, Dana, Battle on the Niagara Frontier, in Military History Magazine, December 2006.

Brennan, Robert E., and Jeannie I., Sackets Harbor, 2000, reprint 2001, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Castle, Ian, Fort William Henry 1755-57: A Battle, Two Sieges and a Bloody Massacre, 2013, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chan, Elise D., Jefferson County, 1997, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Chartrand, René, Ticonderoga 1758: Montcalm's Victory Against All Odds, 2000, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Cohen, Paul E., and Robert T. Augustyn, Manhattan in Maps, 1527-1995, 1997, Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., New York City.

Conway, John, The Delaware Company and the Cushetunk Settlement, handout, 2011.

Crego, Carl R., Fort Ticonderoga, Postcard History Series, 2004, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Dolkart, Andrew S., and New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, Guide to New York City Landmarks, 2nd Edition, 1998, Preservation Press, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

Dorrance, William H., History of Fort Slocum (Davids Island Military Reservation), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, Nov. 1996.

Dunnigan, Brian L., A History and Guide to Old Fort Niagara (Revised and Expanded Edition), 2007, Old Fort Niagara Association, Inc., Youngstown, New York.

Fort Edwards Historical Association, Old Fort House Museum brochure, undated.

Fort Ticonderoga brochure, 2004.

Fort William Henry Museum, Fort William Henry, 1755-1757 brochure, 2004.

Gaines, William C., Defending the Narrows: The Harbor Defenses of Southern New York, Part I 1524-1890, in Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 22, No. 4, Nov. 2008.

Gaines, William C., Defending the Narrows: The Harbor Defenses of Southern New York, Part II 1890-1950, in Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1, Feb. 2009.

Gaines, William C., Fort Schuyler and the Defenses of the Eastern Approaches to New York Harbor: A Historic Resource Study, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, Nov. 1996.

Gaines, William C., Fort Totten and the Coastal Defenses of Eastern New York, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, Feb. 1997.

Gaines, William C., The Inner Harbor Fortifications of New York, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 20, No. 4, Nov. 2006.

Griswold, William A., A Reasoned Approach to the Defense of New York Harbor for the War of 1812, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXX, No. 1, Winter 2004.

Heritage New York, New York State Revolutionary War Heritage Trail brochure, undated (2004 ?).

Herkalo, Keith A., The Battles at Plattsburgh, September 11, 1814, 2012, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Hutchinson, Ann, Along the Trail and Into the Past: Architecture and History Along the New York State Seaway Trail, 1986, St. Lawrence-Eastern Ontario Commission, Watertown, New York.

Lawry, Nelson H., A Brief History of the USMA's Battery Byrne, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 5, No. 2, May 1991.

Luzader, John F., Fort Stanwix: Construction and Military History, 1969, 2001 (2010 print), Eastern National.

Mohawk Valley Heritage Corridor Commission, Revolutionary War - The Mohawk Valley brochure, undated.

Montauk Historical Society, Montauk Point Lighthouse and Museum brochure, 2008.

National Park Service, Castle Clinton National Monument brochure, 2010.

National Park Service, Fort Stanwix National Monument brochure, 2000.

National Park Service, Fort Stanwix Self-Guided Walking Tour brochure, undated.

National Park Service, Gateway National Recreation Area brochure, 1992.

National Park Service, Saratoga National Historical Park brochure, 1985.

National Park Service, Saratoga National Historical Park brochure, 2004.

National Park Service, Saratoga NHP, Schuyler House brochure, 2004.

National Park Service, Saratoga NHP, The Wilkinson Trail brochure, undated.

New York Independence Trail Commission, The New York Independence Trail brochure, undated.

New York Independence Trail Commission, Visit New York's Historic Waterways brochure, 2004.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Bennington Battlefield State Historic Site brochure, 1997.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Bennington, Vermont: The Sought-After Prize / Walloomsac, New York: The Defense of Bennington brochure, 2002.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Camp Hero State Park brochure, 2008.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Crown Point State Historic Site brochure, 1991.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Crown Point State Historic Site brochure, 2001.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Fort Ontario State Historic Site brochure, 2001.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Fort Ontario SHS, Self Guided Tour Map brochure, 2011.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Johnson Hall State Historic Site brochure, 1995.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, New Windsor Cantonment State Historic Site brochure, 2004.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Oriskany Battlefield State Historic Site brochure, 2002.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Sackets Harbor Battlefield State Historic Site brochure, 2000.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Sackets Harbor Battlefield SHS, Archeology at the Sackets Harbor Battlefield State Historic Site brochure, 2003.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Sackets Harbor Battlefield SHS, The Battle of Sackets Harbor: A Walking Tour brochure, 1997.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Stony Point Battlefield State Historic Site brochure, 2004.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site brochure, 2004.

Old Fort Niagara Association, Old Fort Niagara brochure, 1999.

Polaski, Leo, and Glen Williford, New York City's Harbor Defenses, 2003, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Pritchard, Evan T., Henry Hudson and the Algonquins of New York: Native American Prophecy and European Discovery, 1609, 2009, Council Oak Books, San Francisco, California.

Prostak, Jonathan, Fort Michie Beyond the Batteries: The Non-Tactical Structures, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, Feb. 2003.

Rafferty, Pierce, and John Wilton, Guardian of the Sound: A Pictorial History of Fort H. G. Wright, Fishers Island, N.Y., 1998, Mount Mercer Press, New York.

Reed, George A., and Carol Reed, Fort Ontario: Guardian of the North, 2000, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Roberts, Robert B., New York's Forts in the Revolution, 1980, Farleigh Dickinson University Press (Associated University Presses, Inc.), Cranbury, New Jersey.

Schoharie County Historical Society, The Old Stone Fort Museum Complex brochure, undated.

Smith, Bolling, Dummy Guns in Brooklyn, in the Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 20, No. 3, Aug. 2006.

Smith, David, New York 1776: The Continentals' First Battle, 2008, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Starbuck, David R., Massacre at Fort William Henry, 2002, University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Stillwater, City of, The Blockhouse brochure, undated.

Sullivan, Michael D., Harbor Walk: A Guide to the History and Architecture of the Sackets Harbor Heritage Area, 1987, Sackets Harbor Historical Society, Sackets Harbor, New York.

Swantek, John E., III, Watervliet Arsenal: A History of the Nation's Oldest Arsenal, 2009, Watervliet Arsenal Public Affairs Office.

U.S. Army, Encampment of United States Army and National Guard, Military Department of the East, at Pine Camp, Jefferson County, New York, June 15 to July 15, 1908, 1908, Hungerford-Holbrook Company, Watertown, New York.

U.S. Army, Fort Wadsworth, History of Fort Wadsworth: Tricentenary 1663-1963, 1963 (facsimile copy).

Watervliet Arsenal, Public Affairs Office, Watervliet Arsenal brochure, undated.

Watervliet Arsenal Museum brochure, undated.

Wilder, Patrick, Seaway Trail Guidebook to the War of 1812, 1987, Seaway Trail, Inc., State University of New York, Oswego, New York.

Williford, Glen, and Leo Polaski, Long Island's Military History, 2004, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of Everywhere - Northern Frontier (U.S.), Southern Frontier (Canada), in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, Nov. 1994.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #8 - The Seacoast Defenses of New York Harbor and of the Upper Hudson River, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 3, Aug. 1990.

RHODE ISLAND

Connecticut - Rhode Island Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (2nd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Bates, Walter (Wally), Wally's World War II, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 18, No. 4, Nov. 2004.

Fort Adams Trust, Fort Adams brochure, undated.

Gatchel, Theodore L., The Rock on Which the Storm will Beat: Fort Adams and the Defenses of Narragansett Bay, in Newport History: Bulletin of the Newport Historical Society, Newport, Rhode Island, Vol. 67, Part 1, No. 230, Summer 1995.

Griscom, Clement A., Fort Mansfield, Napatree Point, Watch Hill, Rhode Island, 1984, The Westerly Historical Society, Westerly, Rhode Island.

Rhode Island Dept. of Environmental Management, Fort Adams brochure, undated.

Schroder, Walter K., Defenses of Narragansett Bay in World War II, 1980 (2006 print), Rhode Island Publications Society.

Schroder, Walter K., Dutch Island and Fort Greble, 1998, Arcadia Publishing, Dover, New Hampshire.

Smith's Castle at Cocumscussoc brochure, undated, Wickford, Rhode Island.

Tiverton Town Council, Fort Barton brochure, undated.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #6 - The Coast Defenses of Narragansett Bay and Newport, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 1, Feb. 1990.

VERMONT

Vermont Atlas and Gazetteer, 2003 (11th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Miller, Edward, and Frederic P. Wells, History of Ryegate, Vermont, From its Settlement by the Scotch-American Company of Farmers to the Present Time, 1913, The Caledonian Company, St. Johnsbury, Vermont.


Eastern U.S. Forts