American Forts Network

MID-ATLANTIC

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted in my research on American Forts of the Mid-Atlantic United States. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings, or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one state, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) state referenced. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.


GENERAL REFERENCES

Sources previously listed under NORTHEASTERN and SOUTHEASTERN GENERAL REFERENCES will not be repeated here


Ansel, William H., Jr., Frontier Forts Along the Potomac and its Tributaries, 1984, reprint 1995, Fort Pearsall Press, Inc., Romney, West Virginia.

Baker, Norman L., Braddock's Road: Mapping the British Expedition from Alexandria to the Monongahela, 2013, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Barnard, John G., A Report on the Defenses of Washington, to the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1871, undated facsimile reprint, Elibron Classics, Adamant Media Corp.

Cooling, Benjamin Franklin, III, Civil War Deterrent: The Defenses of Washington, 1966, reprint 1998, City of Alexandria, Virginia.

Cooling, Benjamin Franklin, III, and Walton H. Owen II, Mr. Lincoln's Forts: A Guide to the Civil War Defenses of Washington, New Edition, 2010, The Scarecrow Press, Inc., Lanham, Maryland.

Cooling, Benjamin Franklin, III, Symbol, Sword and Shield: Defending Washington During the Civil War, 1975, 1991 second revised edition, White Mane Publishing Co., Inc., Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.

England in America: The Chesapeake Bay from Jamestown to St. Mary's City, 1607-1634 map (a modern adaptation of Capt. John Smith's Map of Virginia, 1608), 1996, Globe Sales Publications, Champlain, Virginia.

Field, Ron, American Civil War Fortifications: Land and Field Fortifications, 2005, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Hess, Earl J., Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861 - 1864, 2005, The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Hill, Martha, When Virginia was the Wild West, 1607 - 1699: The Story of the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake and a Guide to Early Historic Sites in Maryland and Virginia, 1999, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Johnston, Wilbur S., Braddock's Route to Fort Duquesne, 12 April to 9 July 1755, map, 2005, Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, Winchester, Virginia.

Judge, Joseph, Season of Fire: The Confederate Strike on Washington, 1994, Rockbridge Publishing Co., Berryville, Virginia.

Rasmussen, William M.S., and Robert S. Tilton, George Washington: The Man Behind the Myths, 1999, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Rountree, Helen C., and Wayne E. Clark and Kent Mountford, John Smith's Chesapeake Voyages, 1607 - 1609, 2007, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Rouse, Parke, Jr., The Great Wagon Road: From Philadelphia to the South, 1973, 2004, The Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.

Swift, Robert B., The Mid-Appalachian Frontier: A Guide to Historic Sites of the French and Indian War, 2001, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #9 - The Seacoast Defenses of Philadelphia, the Delaware River and Delaware Bay, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 4, No. 4, Nov. 1990.


DELAWARE

Maryland - Delaware Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (3rd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

The Arsenal at Old New Castle brochure/menu, 2003.

Bogart, Charles H., The Fourth Naval District and the Defense of Delaware Bay, 1940-1945, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1, Feb. 2000.

Brittingham, Hazel D., Lantern on Lewes, Where the Past is Present: Stories of Historic Lewes, Delaware, 1998, reprint 2001, Lewestown Publishers, Lewes, Delaware.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Cape Henlopen State Park brochure, 1993.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Delaware Seashore State Park brochure, 1993.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Fenwick Island State Park brochure, 1993.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Fort Delaware State Park brochure, 1993 (?).

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Fort Delaware State Park brochure, 1998.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Fort DuPont: Defending the Delaware - Trail Guide, 1993.

Delaware Division of Parks and Recreation, Prison Camp Trail: Fort Delaware, Pea Patch Island, 1992.

Fetzer, Dale, and Bruce Mowday, Unlikely Allies: Fort Delaware's Prison Community in the Civil War, 2000, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Fort Delaware Society, A Guide to Historic Fort Delaware State Park brochure, undated.

Frank, William P., The Story of Fort Delaware, 1955, reprint 1983, Fort Delaware Society, Delaware City.

Gaines, William C., The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950 (Part II: The First Fort Delaware, 1815-1831), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, Feb. 1996.

Gaines, William C., The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950 (Part III: The Second Fort Delaware and Endicott-Era Defenses, 1832-1919), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2, May. 1996.

Gaines, William C., The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950 (Part IV: Modern Harbor Defenses, 1919-1950), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3, Aug. 1996.

Gerow, C. Culbert, III, Fire in the Hole: The Rearming of Fort Delaware, 1969, reprint 1987, Fort Delaware Society, Delaware City.

Grayson, William C., Delaware's Ghost Towers: The Coast Artillery's Forgotten Last Stand During the Darkest Days of World War II (Second Edition), 2005, 2008, Infinity Publishing.com, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.

Lee, Laura M., and Brendan Mackie, Fort Delaware, 2010, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Mackie, Brendan, and Peter K. Morrill and Laura M. Lee, Fort DuPont, 2011, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

U.S. Army, Eastern Defense Command, History of the New York - Philadelphia Sector, 1945, facsimile copy.

Wilson, W. Emerson, Fort Delaware in the Civil War, undated (1963 ?), reprint 1986, Fort Delaware Society, Delaware City.

Wray, Gary, Dr., and Lee Jennings, Fort Miles, 2005, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Washington, D.C. Street and Visitor's Guide, 1993, American Automobile Association, Heathrow, Florida.

Lee, Richard M., Mr. Lincoln's City: An Illustrated Guide to the Civil War Sites of Washington, 1981, EPM Publications, Inc., McLean, Virginia.

McClellan, Phyllis I., Silent Sentinel on the Potomac: Fort McNair, 1791-1991, 1993, 2012 edition, Heritage Books, Inc., Westminster, Maryland.

National Park Service, Civil War Defenses of Washington brochure, 2010.

National Park Service, Civil War Defenses of Washington, Hiking and Biking Trail Guide brochure, undated.

National Park Service, Washington: The Nation's Capital brochure, 2000.

National Park Service, Washington DC: A Traveler's Guide to the District of Columbia and Nearby Attractions, Handbook 102, 1989, Division of Publications, Washington.

National Park Service, Rock Creek Park, The Battle of Fort Stevens brochure, undated.

MARYLAND

Maryland - Delaware Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (3rd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Bates, Bill, Aberdeen Proving Ground, 2007, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Beitzell, Edwin W., Point Lookout Prison Camp for Confederates, 1972, 1983, reprint 1999, St. Mary's County Historical Society, Leonardtown, Maryland.

Branch-Miles, Nathania, and Jane Taylor Thomas, Beverly Babin Woods, Fort Washington, 2005, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Carr, Lois Green, and Russell R. Menard, Louis Peddicord, Maryland... at the Beginning, 1984, 1991, Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, Maryland.

The Central Maryland Heritage League, Fire on the Mountain: The Battle of South Mountain - Battlefield Guide brochure, undated.

Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network, Star-Spangled Banner Trail: War of 1812 Chesapeake Campaign driving tour brochure, 2004.

Clem, Mike, A Port in the Storm: Divided loyalties within and armed mobs without plunge the United States Naval Academy into a sea of uncertainty, in America's Civil War Magazine, March 2010.

Cole, Merle T., Defending Baltimore During the "Splendid Little War" (abridged), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1999.

Cole, Merle T., and Scott S. Sheads, Fort McHenry and Baltimore's Harbor Defenses, 2001, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Cumberland Parks and Recreation Department, Fort Cumberland Walking Trail and George Washington's Headquarters brochure, undated.

Friends of Fort Frederick, Fort Frederick History brochure, undated.

George, Christopher T., Terror on the Chesapeake: The War of 1812 on the Bay, 2000, White Mane Books, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.

Hagerstown, City of, The Hager House brochure, undated.

Historic St. Mary's City Foundation, Historic St. Mary's City brochure, 2001.

Hurry, Silas D., "...once the Metropolis of Maryland": The History and Archaeology of Maryland's First Capital, 2001, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, St. Mary's City, Maryland.

Manuel, Dale A., Robert E. Lee and the Construction of Fort Carroll, Maryland, in The Coast Defense Journal, Vol. 18, No. 3, Aug. 2004.

Maryland Civil War Trails, 1862 Antietam Campaign: Lee Invades Maryland brochure, 2015.

Maryland Civil War Trails, 1864 Attack on Washington: The Last Invasion brochure, 2015.

Maryland Civil War Trails, Baltimore: A House Divided brochure, 2015.

Maryland Civil War Trails, Gettysburg: Invasion and Retreat brochure, 2015.

Maryland Civil War Trails, John Wilkes Booth: Escape of an Assassin brochure, 2007.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Point Lookout State Park brochure, 2007.

Maryland Department of Transportation, Maryland Military Monuments map, 1998.

Maryland Forest, Park, and Wildlife Service, Point Lookout State Park brochure, undated.

Maryland Office of Tourism Development, Civil War Sites and Battlefields of Maryland and Washington, D.C. brochure, 1991.

Maryland State Forest and Park Service, A Walking Tour of Fort Frederick brochure, undated.

Maryland War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission, The War of 1812 in the Baltimore Region brochure, 2013.

National Park Service, Antietam National Battlefield brochure, 1997.

National Park Service, Fort Foote: Civil War Defenses of Washington handout, undated.

National Park Service, Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine brochures, 1994, 2013 (2002 reprint).

National Park Service, Fort McHenry, U.S. Coast Guard Training Station, 1942-1945 handout, 1990, revised 1992.

National Park Service, Fort Washington brochure, 1990.

National Park Service, Fort Washington Park brochures, 1999, 2003.

National Park Service, Fort Washington Park Self Guided Tour brochure, undated.

National Park Service, Monocacy National Battlefield, undated handouts, The Battle that Saved Washington, D.C., and Auto Tour.

National Park Service, Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail brochure, undated (2012).

Powell, Allan, Fort Frederick: Potomac Outpost, 1988, McClain Printing Company, Parsons, West Virginia.

Rosenthal, Jacob A., Monocacy National Battlefield Trail Guide, 2002, self-published.

Rountree, Helen C., and Thomas E. Davidson, Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland, 1997, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Sheads, Scott S., The Chesapeake Campaigns 1813-15: Middle Ground of the War of 1812, 2014, Osprey Publishing, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Sheads, Scott S., Fort McHenry booklet, 1989, Evelyn Hill, Inc., New York.

Sheads, Scott S., Fort McHenry, 1995, The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

Sheads, Scott Sumpter, and Daniel Carroll Toomey, Baltimore During the Civil War, 1997, Toomey Press, Linthicum, Maryland.

Soderberg, Susan Cooke, A Guide to Civil War Sites in Maryland: Blue and Gray in a Border State, 1998, White Mane Books, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.

Sword, Gerald, Tonoloway Fort (Stoddert's Fort at the Tonoloways): Outpost on the Maryland Frontier, 1994, Friends of Fort Frederick, Big Pool, Maryland.

Taylor, Cathy, Maryland's Lighthouses, 2008, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Virginia Civil War Trails, Inc., Virginia - Maryland Civil War Trails brochure, 2013.

Worthington, Glenn H., The Battle of Monocacy, July 9, 1864, 1927, reprint 1999, Parks and History Association, Washington, D.C.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of "Wherever" #12 - The Coast Defenses of Annapolis, Baltimore, and the Potomac River, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 5, No. 3, Aug. 1991.

NEW JERSEY

New Jersey Atlas and Gazetteer, 2001 (2nd edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Crabtree, Pam, and Douglas V. Campana, John R. Wright, Exploring the Archeological Potential of French and Indian War Fortifications, in Cultural Resources Management Bulletin No. 3, 2002, National Park Service, Washington.

Gabrielan, Randall, Sandy Hook, 1999, reprint 2001, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Goudsward, Jack, The Defense of Patterson, New Jersey in World War II, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. XXVII, No. 3, Winter 2001.

Grant, Andres G., Fort Mott, 2013, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Hoffman, Thomas J., The Defenses of Sandy Hook brochure, undated, Sandy Hook Unit, Gateway National Recreation Area, National Park Service.

Hoffman, Thomas J., Fort Hancock, 2007, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina.

Hoffman, Thomas J., An Old Army Town brochure, undated, Sandy Hook Unit, Gateway National Recreation Area, National Park Service.

Hoffman, Thomas J., Sandy Hook Lighthouse brochure, undated, Sandy Hook Unit, Gateway National Recreation Area, National Park Service.

Hoffman, Thomas J., Sandy Hook Proving Ground brochure, undated, Sandy Hook Unit, Gateway National Recreation Area, National Park Service.

Michlovitz, David, Morristown 1779-80: Another time that tried men's souls, in Military Heritage Magazine, February 2001.

Monmouth County Parks, Hartshorne Woods Park brochure, 2001.

National Park Service, Gateway National Recreation Area, undated handouts: Sandy Hook and Fort Hancock.

National Park Service, Gateway NRA, Sandy Hook brochure, 2006.

National Park Service, Gateway NRA, Sandy Hook Unit, Fort Hancock map, 2007.

National Park Service, Morristown, Handbook 120, 1983, Division of Publications, Washington.

National Park Service, Morristown National Historical Park brochure, 1984.

New Jersey State Park Service, Fort Mott State Park brochure, 2002.

The Old Barracks Museum brochure, undated, Trenton, New Jersey.

PENNSYLVANIA

Pennsylvania Atlas and Gazetteer, 2000 (6th edition), DeLorme, Yarmouth, Maine.

Bradley, John, Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide: Conrad Weiser Homestead, 2001, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Bradley, John, Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide: Washington Crossing Historic Park, 2004, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Brownsville Historical Society, Nemacolin Castle brochure, undated.

Clement, Justin, Philadelphia 1777: Taking the Capital, 2007 (2013 reprint), Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Conococheague Institute, Biking and Driving Tour of French and Indian War Sites in Southwest Franklin County, PA brochure, 2005.

Conococheague Institute, Colonial Forts on the Tuscarora Frontier, 1755-1763 brochure, 2004.

Crytzer, Brady J., Fort Pitt: A Frontier History, 2012, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Dixon, David, Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide: Bushy Run Battlefield, 2003, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Dixon, David, Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide: Fort Pitt Museum, 2004, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Dorwart, Jeffrey M., Fort Mifflin of Philadelphia: An Illustrated History, 1998, The Barra Foundation, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

Eschenmann, Hayes R., The Elusive Fort Morris, 1987, Beidel Printing House, Inc., Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.

Fort Bedford Museum, Fort Bedford Museum brochure, undated.

Fort Ligonier Museum, Fort Ligonier 1758-1766 brochure, undated.

Fort Loudoun Historical Society, 1756 British Fort Loudoun brochure, undated.

Fort Mifflin, Fort Mifflin on the Delaware brochure, undated (facsimile copy).

Fort Pitt Museum, Fort Pitt Block House, or Bouquet's Redoubt brochure, 2004.

Gaines, William C., The Maritime Defenses of the Delaware, 1771-1950 (Part I: Fort Mifflin, 1771-1816), in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 9, No. 4, Nov. 1995.

Giesberg, Judith, "Noble Union Girls", in Civil War Times, June 2010.

Holzer, Harold, Pennsylvania's Civil War Heritage: Prelude to Gettysburg, 2006, supplement to American Heritage Magazine, Forbes Inc..

Hunter, William A., Forts on the Pennsylvania Frontier, 1753 - 1758, 1960, 1999, Wennawoods Publishing, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.

Lengel, Edward G., Fort Necessity, Pennsylvania, in Military History Magazine, September 2010.

Llewellyn, Robert (photography by), Valley Forge: Hallowed Ground, 1993, Fort Church Publishers, Inc., Little Compton, Rhode Island.

McCarthy, Bill, One Month in the Summer of '63: Pittsburgh Prepares for the Civil War, copy of Master's thesis, 1992, University of Pittsburgh.

McGuire, Thomas J., Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide: Brandywine Battlefield Park, 2001, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Miller, Arthur P., and Marjorie L., Pennsylvania Battlefields and Military Landmarks, 2000, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

National Park Service, Fort Necessity National Battlefield brochure, 2006.

National Park Service, Fort Necessity NB, Braddock Grave handout, 1995.

National Park Service, Fort Necessity NB, Hiking Trails handout, undated.

National Park Service, Fort Necessity NB, Jumonville Glen handout, 1995.

National Park Service, Fort Necessity NB, The Native People - French Allies at Fort Necessity handout, undated.

National Park Service, Gettysburg National Military Park brochure, 2000.

National Park Service, Gettysburg NMP, High Water Mark Walking Tour, handout, 1987.

National Park Service, Gettysburg NMP, National Cemetery Walking Tour, handout, 1986.

National Park Service, Valley Forge National Historical Park brochures, 1983, 2004, 2011.

Niderost, Eric, The Frontier Fleet, in Military History Magazine, September 2010.

Northumberland County Historical Society, Fort Augusta brochure, 1990.

Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Fort Washington State Park brochure, 2003.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Brandywine Battlefield Park brochures, 2005, 2011, 2013.

Pollarine, Barbara, Great and Capital Changes: An Account of the Valley Forge Encampment, 1993, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Sauers, Richard A., Guide to Civil War Philadelphia, 2003, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Sheldon, George, Fire on the River: The Defense of the World's Longest Covered Bridge and How It Changed the Battle of Gettysburg, 2006, Quaker Hills Press Inc., Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Stotz, Charles M., Outposts of the War for Empire - The French and English in Western Pennsylvania: Their Armies, Their Forts, Their People, 1749 - 1764, 1985, reprint 2005, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Tilberg, Frederick, Gettysburg National Military Park, Handbook 9, 1954, revised 1962, reprint 1992, National Park Sevice, Division of Publications, Washington.

Weaver, Emily M., The Fort Pitt Block House, 2013, The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina.

Westmoreland Heritage, A Driving Tour of Braddock's Road from Fort Necessity to Braddock's Field (Pittsburgh), brochure, undated.

Various authors, Gettysburg!, 1963, 1968, Historical Times Inc., Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (1981 reprint by Eastern Acorn Press).

VIRGINIA

Please see Virginia Sources on separate page.


Eastern U.S. Forts