North American Fortifications
An American Forts Network historical website

FORT DELAWARE

State Park
Pea Patch Island - Delaware City, Delaware

(1847 - 1944)


N 3935.382 W07534.019 (USCGS "Flagpole")

NEW TO THIS SITE:
References of guns/carriages to Mark Berhow's "American Seacoast Defenses:
A Reference Guide" Second Edition, CDSG Press 2004, which will aid you in your
personal research.

Note on GPS coordinates for most of the featured sites:
I used WGS 84 except where noted by "USCGS" or "USACE."
Those marked "USCGS" or "USACE" use NAD 83 and are listed at
http://www.geocaching.com/mark/.
The accuracy between WGS 84 and NAD 83 is slightly off,
but should not cause you any difficulties in finding locations
since many GPS devices allow you to switch between them.

An earthwork fort was first erected in 1813 and dismantled in 1821. A masonry fort was built next but it was destroyed by fire in 1832. Construction on the third fort was started in 1835 using rubble from the previous fort, but work was halted in 1838 because New Jersey claimed the island. The work was resumed in 1848. A water moat was built around the current fort in 1859. Although armed with 131 guns, the fort was used as a POW prison during the Civil War. The entire island was filled with barracks for the Confederate prisoners. Endicott batteries here are Battery Torbert (1901 - 1942), Battery Dodd (1899 - 1918)), Battery Hentig (1901 - 1942), Battery Alburtis (1901 - 1920), and Battery Allen (1901 - 1920). A mine casemate, built in 1893, is located on the north end of the island along the nature trail. The observation tower on the dike along the roadway was built during World War I. Over time, the island has tripled in size.
A ferry (fee) carries passengers between Delaware City, Fort Delaware, and Fort Mott in New Jersey. Bad weather may preclude or delay ferry service.

OLD FORT PHOTO GALLERY

COASTAL BATTERIES PHOTO GALLERY

DELAWARE RIVER MAP & LINKS




Satellite Images of Fort Delaware
courtesy of Microsoft TerraServer

* Official Link to Fort Delaware State Park *

Launched: September 28, 2002

last updated: 7 February, 2008

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