American Forts Network

Bibliography of Works Consulted

This is a master listing of works consulted for research on Canadian Forts. Additional information was gathered from many third-party websites, which will not be listed here. Websites are linked within the actual fort listings. Additional information and material was also sent in by email and regular postal mail from many people around the country, and may be noted as such within the actual fort listings or on the yearly "update" pages.

Where a certain source was used for more than one province, it will be listed here only once, either under GENERAL REFERENCES, or under the first (or major) province referenced. Provincial travel guides and maps are denoted by the latest year acquired. Citations in blue indicate library sources that are not in my personal collection.

GENERAL REFERENCES

Anderson, Fred, The War that made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War, 2005, Viking Press, The Penguin Group, New York.

Canadian First World War Internment Recognition Fund, Canada's First National Internment Operations, 1914-1920 brochure, undated.

Chartrand, René, Forts of the American Revolution 1775-83, 2016, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of Colonial North America: British, Dutch, and Swedish Colonies, 2011, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763, 2008, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, The Forts of New France: The Great Lakes, the Plains and the Gulf Coast 1600-1763, 2010, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Chartrand, René, French Fortresses in North America 1535-1763, 2005, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Coles, Harry L., The War of 1812, 1965, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Collins, Gilbert, Guidebook to the Historic Sites of the War of 1812, 1998, Dundern Press, Toronto.

Dale, Ronald J., The Invasion of Canada: Battles of the War of 1812, 2001, James Lorimer and Company, Ltd., Toronto.

Floyd, Dale E., Defending America's Coasts, 1775-1950: A Bibliography, 1985, 1997 (2nd edition), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Office of History, Alexandria, Virginia.

Fowler, William M., Jr., Empires at War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763, 2005, reprint 2006, Walker Publishing Co., Inc., New York.

Fryer, Mary Beacock, More Battlefields of Canada, 1993, Dundern Press, Toronto.

Hibbert, Christopher, Redcoats and Rebels: The American Revolution Through British Eyes, 1990, reprint 1991, Avon Books, New York.

Hickey, Donald R., The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict, 1989, reprint 1995, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.

Kaufmann, J.E., and H.W. Kaufmann, Fortress America: The Forts that Defended America, 1600 to the Present (with 2004 Addendum on CD-ROM), 2004, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Latimer, Jon, 1812: War with America, 2007, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Meinig, D.W., The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, Vol. 1: Atlantic America, 1492-1800, 1986, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Moore, Christopher, The Loyalists: Revolution, Exile, Settlement, 1984, revised 1994, McClelland and Stewart, Inc., Toronto.

Morgan, David, A Brief History of Canadian Coast Artillery Units, 1871-1959, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 4, Nov. 2000.

National Geographic Society (editors), 1812: A Traveler's Guide to the War that Defined a Continent, 2013, National Geographic Society, Washington, DC.

Newman, Peter C., Canada's Fur-Trading Empire: Three Centuries of the Hudson's Bay Company, in National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 172, No. 2, Aug. 1987, National Geographic Society, Washington.

Owens, Ann-Maureen, and Jane Yealland, Forts of Canada, 1996, Kids Can Press Ltd., Toronto, Ontario.

Parks Canada, Enemy Aliens, Prisoners of War: Canada's First World War Internment Operations, 1914-1920 brochure, undated.

Sarty, Roger F., Coast Artillery, 1815-1914, 1988, Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario.

Tanner, Ogden, The Old West: The Canadians, 1977, Time-Life Books Inc., Alexandria, Virginia.

Young, Richard J., Blockhouses in Canada, 1749-1841: A Comparative Report and Catalogue, 1969, reprinted in Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History, No. 23, 1980, National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Zink, Robert D., Forts of Everywhere - Northern Frontier (U.S.), Southern Frontier (Canada), in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, Nov. 1994.


Canada's Historic Places Initiative, online website:
http://www.historicplaces.ca


Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Division of Archives of Manitoba, Dept. of Culture, Heritage, and Tourism, Winnipeg, online website:
http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/archives/hbca/index.html


National Atlas of Canada, 4th edition, 1974, Natural Resources Canada, online website:
http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/archives/4thedition



ALBERTA

Alberta Traveller's Guide 1995, with Official Highway Map, Alberta Economic Development and Tourism, Edmonton, Alberta.

Alberta Parks, Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park brochure, 2012.

Alberta Parks, Victoria Settlement Provincial Historic Site brochure, undated.

Fort Calgary brochure, undated.

Fort Calgary Interpretive Centre site map, undated.

Fort Macleod N.W.M.P. Fort Museum brochure, undated.

The Fort - Museum of the North-West Mounted Police, Museum Visitor Guide, undated.

Fort Whoop-Up brochure, undated.

Fort Whoop-Up National Historic Site, Visitor Guide, 2013.

Halden, Terry, With their Blackfoot enemies decimated by smallpox, it was time for the Crees to avenge past defeats, in Wild West Magazine, February 2002.

Melnycky, Peter, A Veritable Canaan: Alberta's Victoria Settlement, 1997, Friends of Fort Victoria Historical Society, Edmonton, Alberta.

Parks Canada, Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site brochure, undated.

Parks Canada, Rocky Mountain House NHS, site map, undated.

BRITISH COLUMBIA

British Columbia Travel Guide 1995, with Official Highway Map, Tourism British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia.

Gilbert, Catherine M., Yorke Island and the Uncertain War: Defending Canada's Western Coast During WWII, 2012, Ptarmigan Press, Campbell River, British Columbia.

Hayes, Derek, Historical Atlas of the Pacific Northwest: Maps of Exploration and Discovery, 1999, revised 2000, Sasquatch Books, Seattle, Washington.

Lawry, Nelson H., and Jack A. Drysdale, Installation Confirmed of the Second 75mm Gun at Prince Rupert, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, Nov. 1996.

Moogk, Peter N., Vancouver Defended: A History of the Men and Guns of the Lower Mainland Defences, 1859-1949, 1978, Antonson Publishing Ltd., Surrey, British Columbia.

Morgan, David, Fact, Fiction, and U.S. Military Intelligence: Esquimalt Fortifications from 1890 to 1905, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3, Aug. 1996.

Morgan, David, Forts of the Canadian West Coast - Victoria/Esquimalt Defenses, in The Coast Defense Sudy Group Journal, Vol. 9, No. 2, May 1995.

Morgan, David, Prince Rupert Defenses, 1938-1945, in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 2000.

Morgan, David, Addendum to "Prince Rupert Defenses, 1939-1945", in The Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, Aug. 2000.

Morgan, David, U.S. Guns in Canadian Service - Pacific Coast, in Coast Defense Study Group News, Vol. 3, No. 1, Feb. 1990.

Nicholson, G.W.L., Pacific Coast Artillery in Canadian Service, 2012, Service Publications, Ottawa.

Parks Canada, Fort Rodd Hill and Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Sites: Walking Guide brochures, undated (2001 ?), 2012.

Parks Canada, Fort Langley National Historic Site brochure, undated.

Parks Canada, Fort Langley NHS, Interpretive Site Map, undated.

Parks Canada, Fort St. James National Historic Site of Canada brochure, undated (2006 ?).

Rowse, Sue Harper, In Times of War: Prince Rupert 1939-1945, 2005, self-published by LuLu.com.

Sofian, Terry, Visit Report: Fort Rodd Hill NHS, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, in Coast Defense Study Group Journal, Vol. 8, No. 3, Aug. 1994.

West Vancouver Parks and Community Services, Welcome to Lighthouse Park brochure, undated.

LABRADOR

Newfoundland and Labrador Travel Guide 1998, with Official Highway Map, Department of Tourism, Culture, and Recreation, St. John's, Newfoundland.

Tuck, James A., and Robert Grenier, Discovery in Labrador: A 16th-Century Basque Whaling Port and Its Sunken Fleet, in National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 168, No. 1, July 1985, National Geographic Society, Washington.

MANITOBA

Manitoba Explorer's Guide 1995, with Official Highway Map, Travel Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

NEW BRUNSWICK

2001 Official Touring Guide to New Brunswick, Tourism New Brunswick, Campbellton, New Brunswick.

New Brunswick 1994 Official Highway Map.

Canadian Parks Service, Fort Beauséjour National Historic Park brochure, 1988.

Citizens for Fort La Tour, Fort La Tour: Acadia Civil War Site brochure, 1999.

Citizens for Fort La Tour, History of the Fort Howe Site (1777-2007) brochure, 2007.

Dallison, Robert L., Hope Restored: The American Revolution and the Founding of New Brunswick, 2003, New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, Goose Lane Editions, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Dallison, Robert L., Turning Back the Fenians: New Brunswick's Last Colonial Campaign, 2006, New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, Goose Lane Editions, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Fredericton Tourism, 2001 Visitor Guide.

Hand, Chris M., The Seige of Fort Beauséjour, 1755, 2004, New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, Goose Lane Editions, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

The Lower River Passage, The Loyalist Route: Faces and Places of Loyalist Settlement in the Lower River Passage brochure, undated.

National Park Service (U.S.), Saint Croix Island brochure, 1990.

National Park Service (U.S.), Saint Croix Island International Historic Site brochure, 2002.

Parks Canada, Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Parks Canada, Fort Beauséjour National Historic Park brochure, 1985.

Parks Canada, Fort Beauséjour National Historic Site brochures, undated.

Parks Canada, Memories of the Marsh: Burials at Fort Beauséjour NHS brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Ross, Sally (translator), The Fort of Beauséjour, 1993, Les Éditions d'Acadie, Moncton, New Brunswick.

St. Andrews Civic Trust, Inc., A Guide to Historic St. Andrews brochure, 1989, revised 2011.

Sarty, Roger, and Doug Knight, Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956, 2003, New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, Goose Lane Editions, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Schmeisser, Barbara M., Yorkshire Immigrants in Search of a Better Life, 1772-1775, 2001, Fort Beauséjour NHS bulletin, Parks Canada.

Smith, Joshua M., Battle for the Bay: The Naval War of 1812, 2011, New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, Goose Lane Editions, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Le Société du Monument Lefebvre, Beauséjour Landscapes - A Visitor's Guide brochure, 1994.

NEWFOUNDLAND

Newfoundland and Labrador Travel Guide 1998, with Official Highway Map, Department of Tourism, Culture, and Recreation, St. John's, Newfoundland.

Canadian Heritage - Parks Canada, Welcome to Castle Hill brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Canadian Heritage - Parks Canada, Welcome to Signal Hill National Historic Site brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Canning, Jane, The Theory and Historical Development of the Fortifications at Castle Hill, 1974, (copy), manuscript on file at Castle Hill NHS.

Environment Canada - Parks, Cape Spear National Historic Park brochure, 1986.

Environment Canada - Parks, Castle Hill National Historic Park brochure, 1987.

Newfoundland Historic Resources Division, Commissariat House Provincial Historic Site brochure, undated.

Newfoundland Historic Resources Division, Quidi Vidi Battery Provincial Historic Site brochure, undated.

Newfoundland Provincial Historic Sites and Museums, The Commissariat House Provincial Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Newfoundland Provincial Historic Sites and Museums, Quidi Vidi Battery Provincial Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Parks Canada, Welcome to L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Parks Canada, Welcome to Red Bay National Historic Site brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Zierler, Amy, and Cam Mustard, Signal Hill: An Illustrated History, 1982, reprint 1997, Newfoundland Historic Parks Association, St. John's.

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Northwest Territories 1995 Explorers' Guide, with Official Highway Map, Dept. of Economic Development and Tourism, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories.

NOVA SCOTIA

Nova Scotia - The Doers and Dreamers Complete Guide 1998, with Official Highway Map, Economic Development and Tourism, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Chartrand, René, Louisbourg 1758: Wolfe's First Seige, 2000 (2008 print), Osprey Publishing, Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Cuthbertson, Brian, The Halifax Citadel: Portrait of a Military Fortress, 2001, Formac Publishing Company, Ltd., Halifax.

Directors of Point Pleasant Park, Point Pleasant Park brochure, undated.

Fort Lawrence Heritage Association, Fort Lawrence 1750-1756 brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Fort Petrie Historical Resoration Society, The Defended Port of Sydney, 1939-1945, 1999.

Fort Petrie Museum, Historic Fort Petrie Military Museum brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Fortier, John, Fortress of Louisbourg, 1979, Oxford University Press, Toronto.

Friends of McNabs Island Society, McNabs and Lawlor Islands Provincial Park brochure, 2007.

Historical Association of Annapolis Royal, Footprints with Footnotes: A Walking Tour of Annapolis Royal brochure, 2001.

Kitz, Janet, and Gary Castle, Point Pleasant Park: An Illustrated History, 1999, Pleasant Point Publishing, Halifax.

McLennan, J.S., Louisbourg: From its Foundation to its Fall, 1713-1758, 1918, reprint 2000 (4th edition), The Book Room Limited, Halifax.

Moore, Christopher, Fortress of Louisbourg Guide, 1981, updated 2007, Fortress Louisbourg Association, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.

Naftel, William D., Halifax at War: Searchlights, Squadrons and Submarines 1939-1945, 2008, Formac Publishing Company, Ltd., Halifax.

Nicolle, David, The Portuguese in the Age of Discovery c.1340-1665, 2012, Osprey Publishing, Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Nova Scotia Provincial Parks, Battery Provincial Park brochure, 2008.

Parks Canada, Fort Anne National Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Parks Canada, Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Parks Canada, Fortress of Louisbourg NHS, Interpretive Site Map, undated.

Parks Canada, Halifax Citadel National Historic Site brochure, 2001.

Parks Canada, Halifax Citadel National Historic Site brochure, undated (2012 ?).

Parks Canada, Port Royal National Historic Site brochure, undated (2001 ?).

Patterson, Frank H., Acadian Tatamagouche and Fort Franklin, 1947, Truro Print, Truro, Nova Scotia.

Raddall, Thomas H., Halifax: Warden of the North, 1993, Nimbus Publishing Ltd., Halifax.

Reardon, Chris, and A.J.B. Johnston, Louisbourg: The Phoenix Fortress, 1990, Nimbus Publishing Ltd., Halifax.

Tennyson, Brian, and Roger Sarty, Guardian of the Gulf: Sydney, Cape Breton, and the Atlantic Wars, 2000, reprint 2002, University of Toronto Press Inc., Toronto.
Yarmouth Development Corporation, A Walking Tour of Yarmouth brochure, undated.

NUNAVUT

Northwest Territories 1995 Explorers' Guide, with Official Highway Map, Dept. of Economic Development and Tourism, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories.

ONTARIO

Ontario 2001 Summer Guide, with Official Highway Map, Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Recreation, Toronto.

Barry, James P., Old Forts of the Great Lakes: Sentinels in the Wilderness, 1994, Thunder Bay Press, Lansing, Michigan.

Benn, Carl, Fort York: A Short History and Guide, 2007, City of Toronto Culture, Toronto.

Benner, Dana, Battle on the Niagara Frontier, in Military History Magazine, December 2006.

Fort York National Historic Site, Fort York Today brochure, 2009.

Graves, Donald E., Guns Across the River: The Battle of the Windmill, 1838, 2001, The Friends of Windmill Point, Prescott, Ontario.

Hamilton Military Museum, The History of Burlington Heights booklet, undated.

Hirsch, R. Forbes, The Commissariat: Survivor of the Bytown Era, 1982, The Historical Society of Ottawa, Ottawa.

Latimer, Jon, Niagara 1814: The Final Invasion, 2009, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Lavell, W.S., A Story in Stone: Murney Redoubt, 1963, undated revision by R.A. Preston, Kingston, Ontario.

Lincoln and Welland Regiment Museum brochure, undated.

Lyons, Chuck, A long-simmering rebellion by Canadians against British rule in the 1830s almost embroiled the United States in a third war with Great Britain, in Military Heritage Magazine, August 2010.

Mecredy, Stephen D., Fort Henry: An Illustrated History, 2000, James Lorimer and Company, Ltd., Toronto.

The Merrickville and District Historical Society, The Blockhouse Museum brochure, undated.

Niagara 1812 Bicentennial Legacy Council, Bicentennial Map, 2009.

Niagara Falls History Museum, Walking Tour: The Battle of Lundy's Lane, July 25, 1814 brochure, 2012.

The Niagara Parks Commission, Historic Fort Erie brochure, 1991.

Old Fort William Historical Park brochure, 2001.

Ontario Parks, H.M.S. Nancy and Historic Wasaga Beach brochure, 1997.

Ontario Parks, Nagagamisis Provincial Park brochure, 1998.

Parks Canada, Fort George National Historic Site Visitor's Guide brochure, 2012.

Parks Canada, Fort Malden National Historic Site brochure, undated.

Parks Canada, Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site brochures, undated (2001 ?), 2012.

Parks Canada, Fort Wellington National Historic Site: Walking Tour brochure, 2005.

Parks Canada, Murney Tower National Historic Site: Defending Our Past brochure, undated.

Payette, Pete, Site Visit Report: Upper Lake Ontario (US and Canada), in The CDSG Newsletter, November, 2001.

Ridgeway Battlefield Museum, The Battle of Ridgeway Scenic Drive brochure, undated.

Royal Military College of Canada, Fort Frederick: Facts brochure, undated (2000 ?).

Royal Military College of Canada, Visit Fort Frederick and the Royal Military College of Canada Museum brochure, undated (2000 ?).

St. Lawrence Parks Commission, Le Fort Henry: La Citadelle du Haut-Canada, 1980, Kingston, Ontario.

Watson, Ken W., A History of the Rideau Lockstations, 2000, Friends of the Rideau, Smiths Falls, Ontario.

Whitehorne, Joseph, W.A., While Washington Burned: The Battle for Fort Erie, 1814, 1992, reprint 2006, The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, Charleston, South Carolina.

Winkler, John F., The Thames 1813: The War of 1812 on the Northwest Frontier, 2016, Osprey Publishing Ltd., Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Prince Edward Island Visitors Guide 1999, with Official Highway Map, Tourism PEI, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

Parks Canada, Port la Joye - Fort Amherst National Historic Site brochure, undated.

QUÉBEC

1989 Official Highway Map.

Aimone, Alan, The Siege and Capture of Forts Chambly and St. Johns in 1775, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. 28, No. 2, Fall 2001.

Association des Artilleurs de la Garnison, Inc., Le Fort de la Martinière: Défenseur de Québec 1914-1918, 1939-1945, 1991, Lévis, Québec.

Canadian National Battlefields Commission, National Battlefields Park Historic Map foldout, undated.

Canadian National Battlefields Commission, The Plains of Abraham brochure, undated (2003 ?).

La Citadelle de Québec / Le Musée du Royal 22e Régiment brochure, undated (2003 ?).

Dale, Ronald J., The Fall of New France: How the French Lost a North American Empire, 1754-1763, 2004, James Lorimer and Company, Ltd., Toronto.

Desloges, Yvon, The Forts at Point Lévy, 1991 (English Translation), Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Fort Ingall brochure, undated, (2003 ?).

Fort Ingall Historic Site brochure, undated (2010 ?).

Morrissey, Brendan, Québec 1775: The American Invasion of Canada, 2003, Osprey Publishing, Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Musée Stewart, Fort de l'Île Sainte-Hélène brochure, 2005.

Parks Canada, Artillery Park National Historic Site brochure, 2003.

Parks Canada, Battle of the Châteauguay National Historic Site brochure, 1999.

Parks Canada, Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site brochure, 2003.

Parks Canada, Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site brochure, undated.

Parks Canada, Fort Chambly National Historic Site brochure, 2007.

Parks Canada, Fort Lennox National Historic Site brochure, 2005.

Parks Canada, Fort Lennox NHS, Interpretive Site Map, undated.

Parks Canada, Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site brochure, 2003.

Parks Canada, Lévis Forts National Historic Site brochure, 2004.

Parks Canada, Lévis Forts NHS, Interpretive Site Map, undated.

Reid, Stuart, Québec 1759: The Battle that Won Canada, 2003 (2009 print), Osprey Publishing, Botley, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Réseau Sépaq, Parc de la Chute-Montmorency Historic Site brochure, 2003.

Tourism and Convention Bureau of the Greater Québec Area, Greater Québec Area Tourist Guide, 11th Edition 1994-1995.

Tourist and Convention Bureau of the Québec Urban Community, Walking Tour of Old Québec booklet, undated (1965 ?).

Wayman, Matthew J., Fortifications at Québec, 1759-1760: Their Conditions and Impact on the Sieges and Battles, in The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. 30, No. 1, Winter 2004.

SASKATCHEWAN

The Great Saskatchewan Vacation Book 1995, with Official Highway Map, Tourism Saskatchewan, Regina, Saskatchewan.

Cyr-Steenkamp, Talina, The Forks - Nipawin Area info sheet, undated.

Fort Qu'Apelle and Lebret Historical Society, Welcome to Historical Fort Qu'Apelle and Lebret booklet, 1977.

Parks Canada, Fort Battleford National Historic Site Discovery Booklet, undated.

Parks Canada, Fort Walsh National Historic Site brochure, undated.

Salloum, Habeeb, Louis Riel's Last Stand, in Military History Magazine, May 2006.

Saskatchewan Ministry of Tourism, Parks, Culture and Sport, Trails of 1885 Travel Guide, undated.

YUKON

Canada's Yukon: Official Vacation Guide 1995, Tourism Yukon, Whitehorse, Yukon.

The Milepost, 49th edition, 1997-1998, Vernon Publications, Inc., Bellevue, Washington.


Canadian Forts